Juan de Flandes

Juan de Flandes, also known as John of Flanders (* 1465, † 1519), was a Dutch painter who worked mainly in Spain from 1496 to 1519. His real name is unknown, but the back of an assigned work shows the inscription Juan Astrat, which could include the name of Jan van der state. The Name Jan Sallaert, an artist in Ghent in 1480, could also come into question.


Around 1460 Juan de Flandes was born in Flanders. Since his works have similarities with works Joos van Wassenhoves, Hugo van der Goes and other Ghent artist, it is believed that he went to Ghent in teaching.

It is only evidence that he was court artist of Isabella I of Castile in Spain. His name appeared in 1496 on account books, and in 1498 he was called there " court painter ". Until the death of Isabella in 1504, he stood in their services. After her death he led in Salamanca from 1505 to 1507 from sacred works for Spanish churches. Since his wife is called in December 1519 in Palencia as a widow, it is believed that he later lived there.


The clear majority of his work is in collections outside Spain and comes from the later creative phase in which he devoted himself to religious subjects. So you can find four pieces of a large Altarpaneels a palencianischen Church in the Prado and the National Gallery of Art in Washington. De Flandes often portrayed the royal family, but he also created a dedicated Isabella group of small ( 21.3 x 16.7 cm ) polyptych panels which are mostly located in the Royal Collection in Madrid.

His works have a coined by Dutch- style gentischem and Spanish flavors blend. He has a highly developed sense of space and light and knows how to divide the space into a series of narrow levels. His later works show strong Mannerist traits.

Portrait of a woman (probably Joan the Mad or Catherine of Aragon )

Temptation of Christ in the wilderness, the NGA Washington

Resurrection of Lazarus, Prado