Palencia is the capital of the province of Palencia in the autonomous Spanish region of Castile -Leon.


The city is located in the northwest of the plateau Tierra de Campos, on the banks of the River Carrión, in the center of Spain, 235 km north of Madrid and also north, 48 km from the capital city of Valladolid region.

To the north lie Guardo, Santander and Torrelavega, east of Burgos and Aranda de Duero further south, south of Valladolid, Zamora southwest and northwest León.


Palencia was called in ancient times Pallantia and was the capital of the Celtiberian Vaccaeer. Roman troops under Decimus Junius Brutus Marcus Aemilius Lepidus and Callaicus Porcina it besieged 136 BC in vain. But even in the 2nd century BC the city had to surrender due to starvation of the Romans and was later incorporated into the province of Hispania Tarraconensis.


The vault of the Roman bridge that crosses the Carrión, was restored in the Middle Ages. The old section of the city is on the left bank, the more modern suburb has spread to the right bank.

The old ten -meter high city wall can be followed over a landscaped walkway in 1778.

The Gothic Cathedral (built 1321-1504 ) is dedicated to the patron saint of the city, San Antolin ( Antoninus de Pamiers ). The lower than their choir crypt of San Antolin comes from Visigoth period.

Also worth seeing is the John the Baptist church dedicated to San Juan de Banos with a consecration Rekkeswinths inscription from the year 661

The museum contains a large number of important works of art, also 12 pictures of Juan de Flandes, court painter to Queen Isabella I of Castile.

The Archaeological Museum (Casa del Cordón ) provides, inter alia, Celtic pottery. Palencia is also known for its churches built in the 13th century, for example, San Miguel and the Benedictine monastery of San Zoilo.


The continental climate is the determining factor for which is in the center of the Iberian Peninsula city. The average temperatures range between 3.3 ° C in January and 21 ° C in July. The average precipitation amounts to 414.2 mm per year. The focus of the rainfall is in spring. The annual average Palencia takes on 85 days of sunshine.


Football: The most important club in the palentinischen capital is the Club de Fútbol Palencia who is currently in the Segunda División B plays; his young team is the Club Deportivo Atlético Cristo in the Tercera División. In addition, there are two teams in the Primera Division 3 Grupo Juvenil El Palencia and El Club Internacional de la Amistad.

Basketball: The main team is Faymasa Palencia, which played in the 2009-2010 season in LEB Oro Categoría.

Handball: The CD Balopal is the team that represents the city and in 2008/2009 season in the Segunda División Nacional de Balonmano played. At the moment, they are often located in the League Provincial de Valladolid. In the women's handball there are still the team CB Palencia Femenino which in La Liga Nacional Femenina plays.


Palencia is the seat of a bishop.

There, in the Renault factory ( Former FASA - Renault) Renault Mégane is made.


  • Elena Anaya, Actress
  • Sergio Asenjo, football player
  • Ramón Calderón, lawyer and former president of Real Madrid
  • Gabriel de Castilla, sailors
  • Marta Domínguez, track and field athlete
  • Blanche of Castile, Queen of France and Holy
  • Henry I (Castile ), King of Castile
  • Juan Manuel Montero Vázquez, Surgeon General and Chief of the military medical service