Aranda de Duero
Aranda de Duero is a city in northern Spain, in the province of Burgos in the autonomous community of Castile -Leon with 33 257 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2013). It is the capital of the comarca known for their wine Ribera del Duero. Within a radius of 80 km there are the cities of Burgos and Valladolid. The distance to Madrid is 160 kilometers.
- 5.1 Museums
- 7.1 Elections 2007
- 7.2 Mayors since 1979
- 8.1 Car / Bus
- 8.2 train
- 8.3 aircraft
Aranda de Duero is located on the Duero River surrounded by the beautiful landscape of the Ribera del Duero. Two other rivers, Arandilla and Banuelos, open into the third largest river in Spain within the city. Arandas area is 129 km ². It is 800 meters above sea level.
To the north is Burgos, Soria east, southeast Almazan ( Duero ) and Calatayud (Rio Jalon ), south Sepulveda, Segovia southwest, west and northwest of Valladolid Palencia. After Madrid ( south ) is approximately 120 km.
The air moves in summer between 35 ° C during the day and 20 ° C at night and in winter between 12 ° C during the day and 0 ° C at night. Because of the altitude of the city, the temperature varies greatly between day and night, so that it will be very hot at noon, during the night, but very cool.
There is a tourist office, are offered in the numerous information materials about Aranda and the environment in the Plaza Mayor. In addition, guided tours and visits to the wine cellar are offered. For information on opening times and admission prices, if necessary, it is advisable to visit the tourist office.
Since 1998, the Pop-/Rockfestival Sonorama found in Aranda held annually, one of the most important of its kind in Spain. It ties in with the tradition of a loosely organized in the 1960s, international song festival.
- Bodegas ( wine cellars)
Almost under the entire old town of Arandas are wine cellars, called bodegas. They were built in 1100-1500 by the residents Arandas for the storage of the wine of the region. As they are up to 10 meters under the ground, they offer both in summer and in winter a constant temperature 11 to 13 degrees. The individual wine cellars were connected to better communication through tunnels, so that the former tunnel network had a length of 7 kilometers. Today, only a few wine cellar are available for use. On special occasions the city's residents use the basement for the alignment of parties or meals. Some of the cellars are open to visitors, the tourist office offers guided tours on request at.
- Iglesia Santa Maria ( Santa Maria )
The late-Gothic parish church of Santa Maria from the 15th century is the landmark of Arandas. Your impressive portal was designed by Simón de Colonia and contains elements of advanced art. Its also known as an architect father Juan de Colonia ( John of Cologne) was brought by the bishop of the city of Burgos in Spain in order to work there on the construction of the Cathedral ( Cathedral of Burgos). Juan de Colonia married a Spanish woman and settled in Spain. So was able to continue his work as an architect, his son Simón de Colonia.
- Iglesia San Juan ( San Juan Church )
The Gothic fortified church in honor of " John the Baptist" was built during the 14th century. In 1473 the council of Aranda took place here. Today, the church houses the Museum Sacro.
- Santuario de la Virgen de las viñas ( monastery and church of the Virgin of the vineyards )
At the foot of a large park with fountains and a playground on the edge of town is a former monastery with adjacent church. Go through a lovely courtyard on the way to church, which is named after the city's patron saint " Virgen de las Viñas ". The entrance is all free, because the monastery is no longer used today.
Metro Wine Caves
Church of Santa Maria
- Museo del Tren ( Railway Museum )
In the building of the former railway station Aranda - Chelva, inaugurated in 1895, the museum is about the history of rail transport in Aranda. Is maintaining the museum by the Association of Railway Friends ( ASAAT ) to visit, it is only on Saturdays.
- Museo de Ceramica ( Ceramics Museum )
Located in the district of Santo Domingo, the museum has an extensive collection of ceramic objects of the Comunidad Castilla y León.
- Museo Sacro, Iglesia de San Juan ( San Juan Museum of Church )
The restored interior of San Juan church art objects more than 500 years can be seen church history.
- Museo Casa de las bolas ( Museum "House of the spheres " )
The beautiful, ancient building houses paintings from the collection of the engineer Félix Cañada. Félix Cañada had acquired during his lifetime, and eventually bequeathed to the town of Aranda. The paintings date from the period 17th century - 20th century and illustrate the development of the European Art Nouveau.
Aranda has a large industrial district outside the city. The business enterprises of the city also offer many inhabitants of the surrounding villages jobs, so many people commute during the week after Aranda. The three largest companies are: GlaxoSmithKline (pharmaceuticals ), Leche Pascual (dairy products) and Michelin (tires).
The second largest industry is agriculture. This includes animal husbandry, because Aranda is famous for the court " Lechazo asado ", roasted lamb meat. The most widespread is the wine, since the environment of the river Duero offers an ideal acreage.
The proximity to Madrid looking for many urbanites the city over the weekend, to relax in the countryside of La Ribera and dine in the restaurants of the city. Of survived the hospitality and tourism industry of the city.
From the election on 27 May 2007, the PSOE was ( Partido Socialista Obrero Español), comparable with the SPD in Germany, with 38.16 % of votes as the winner. The PP ( Partido Popular), comparable with the CDU in Germany, won 35.65 % and lost its governing majority, as their coalition partners, the TC ( Tierra Comunera ), a regional party " castella ista ," slipped to 7.93%. The IU ( Izquierda Unida ), a leftist coalition with strong eco - impact, improved to 8.5%. The 21 seats of Parliament spread over 9 town councilors of the PSOE, the PP 9, 2 and 1 IU of the TC. Since the IU denied a coalition with the PSOE, the PSOE since 2007 a minority government, and thus also the mayor Luis Briones Martínez.
Mayor since 1979
Car / Bus
Aranda is very well connected to highways that lead in all directions. Aranda is crossed horizontally from the highway N -122 between Valladolid and Soria and vertically through the highway between Madrid and Burgos. There are regular bus services to major cities around.
Since the nineties, the frequency of the trains that stop in Aranda decreases continuously. In the construction of a rapid north-south connection Aranda was bypassed, so that the capital of the Comunidad Valladolid is connected to the network. Currently, the train between Burgos and Madrid holds only once a week, on Saturday mornings, in Aranda.
In Burgos and Valladolid are small airports, but mainly check in intra - Spanish flights and offer no foreign connections. Four times daily commutes a bus between Aranda and Madrid -Barajas, the largest airport in Spain.