San Juan del Monte, Burgos
San Juan del Monte is a municipality ( municipio ) with 150 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2013) in the Spanish province of Burgos in the autonomous community of Castile -Leon.
San Juan del Monte is situated - a major exception in the region - on the southern shore of the Río Arandilla at an altitude of about 840 meters above sea level. inst. , the nearest large town, Aranda de Duero, is about 16 km ( driving distance ) away to the west. Until after Penaranda de Duero, there are five kilometers to the east. Also worth seeing is the a listed place Coruña del Conde (17 kilometers north-east ).
In the 19th century, San Juan del Monte was always around the 300 to 350 inhabitants. Due to the mechanization of agriculture and the resulting lower demand for labor, the population has been declining since the mid-20th century.
The small town was and is influenced to a large extent on agriculture; are grown mainly wheat and barley. San Juan del Monte is part of the wine region of Ribera del Duero. Since the mid-20th century, tourism (holiday house) is a major source of revenue of the municipality.
On the history of the place are hardly any information before - probably he was one of the places along the former border between Christian and Muslim sphere of influence, the repopulated in the 10th, 11th and 12th centuries of Christian immigrants, both from the north and from the south of Spain ( repoblación ) or were reestablished.
- The parish church of San Juan Bautista with its typical for the region south porch dates from the 16th century. An altarpiece from the 17th century decorates the interior of the church.
- In the late Middle Ages came San Juan and its neighboring villages in ever stronger legal dependence of Penaranda de Duero, from which they might redeem themselves in 1780 against payment of a for poor rural communities enormous sum of 2530 ducats. As a symbol of the legal and administrative independence of a court column ( rollo ) was established in San Juan del Monte.
- Built in the 18th century hermitage ( Ermita de Nuestra Señora de la Vega ) is just outside the town. A two-storey bell tower ( espadaña ) it towers unadorned western facade. In their vicinity Roman foundation remains were discovered.