Pampliega is a municipality ( municipio ) with 359 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2013) in the northern Spanish province of Burgos in the autonomous community of Castile -Leon.
Pampliega is located on the lower reaches of the River Arlanzón the west of the province of Burgos, at a height of about 800 meters above sea level. d. M. The nearest town is approximately 34 km ( driving distance ) northeast provincial capital of Burgos; worth seeing is also located about 32 kilometers south-east town of Lerma.
Had the place in the 19th century at times even more than 1000, so there are currently only about 350
In earlier centuries, the small town of agriculture lived in their environment; at the same time she served as mercantile and craft center for the surrounding towns and hamlets.
Maybe Pampliega is identical to the n by Claudius Ptolemy in the 2nd century BC place called Ambisma, which was an important crossing point of several Roman roads. Also not fully secured, the local declaration of the Visigothic nobles Chindaswinth to the king in the year 642; documented is the name of the coronation local Pamplica. In a document written centuries later, this place is also called as a retreat and place of death Wamba (r. 672-680 ), whose bones bring Alfonso X in the 13th century to Toledo and was interred in the local church of Santa Leocadia.
- During the medieval castle ( castillo ) has disappeared, are still preserved some remains of walls and three unadorned city gates of the city wall ( murallas ).
- Originally dating from the 13th century parish church (Iglesia San Pedro) was in 16-17. Century almost completely replaced and dominated with their towering west tower the village. The built- in the south transept facade portal still shows significant late Gothic forms; however, the western portal located in the open tower lobby is very committed to the style of the Renaissance. The single nave and two transepts are uniformly covered with star vaults; the kapitelllosen clustered columns is presented from the fan-shaped spreading ridges of the wall develop. However, eye-catching is the impressive multi-part and multi-figured altarpieces by Domingo de Antwerp from the mid-16th century in the polygonal apse broken, which is carved entirely of walnut, oak and pine woods and was then taken or gilded color. Another attraction is the stone pulpit with relief busts of the apostles Paul, Peter and Andrew. More Baroque altars complete the interior of the church.