Villa Pedernales is a municipality ( municipio ) with 1723 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2013) in the province of Burgos in the northern Spanish Autonomous Region of Castile -Leon.
The municipality is located in a small valley of the Castilian plateau ( meseta ) at a height of about 900 meters above sea level. inst and is about seven kilometers ( route ) to the southwest of the city of Burgos.
In the second half of the 19th and in the first half of the 20th century, the population fluctuated between about 600 and about 800 inhabitants. After the mechanization of agriculture led to an exodus of a large part of the population in the cities. The comparatively low price of land and the creation of small businesses in the commercial areas could increase by the turn of the millennium, the population of the place.
The region is very much influenced by agriculture for centuries. In the late 20th century, two industrial parks ( Poligonos industriales ) were reported.
The place Pedernales belonged in the Middle Ages to the land of the monastery of San Julián de Pedrenales. In the 13th century it came under the control of the nearby monasteries Las Huelgas Reales and San Pedro de Cardena. At times, also served the Archdiocese of Burgos as a landlord. Changed this situation until the dissolution of the monasteries and the medieval manors ( desamortisación ) in Spain nothing. The suffix 'Villa Gonzalo ' was added in the 19th century; he recalls the most famous son of the town, Gonzalo Téllez.
- The two-story town hall ( ayuntamiento ) is located in a former palace of the Counts of Villariezo from the 17th century. The facade shows a beautiful mixture of light colored quarry stone and red bricks. The three porta -celled central projection terminates in a pediment, in which a stone escutcheon is.
- Built out exactly hewn stone three-aisled Iglesia de San Vicente, with its two-storey bell tower ( espadaña ) and its south porch ( portico ) dates from the 17th century.
- Gonzalo Téllez (c. 870 or at Pedernales ) is referred to in a document of the year 903 as, Count of Castile '.