Cayuela is a municipality ( municipio ) with 186 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2013) in the province of Burgos in the northern Spanish Autonomous Community of Castile -Leon.
Cayuela is located on the Río Ausin in the Castilian plateau ( meseta ) at a height of about 820 meters above sea level. inst and is about 14 km ( driving distance ) to the southwest of the city of Burgos. The nearby towns of Arcos de la Llana and Villariezo are only about five and seven kilometers to the east. Cavia is located about three kilometers north-west of the mouth of the Río Ausín in the Río Arlanzón.
In the second half of the 19th and in the first half of the 20th century, the population fluctuated constantly between about 250 and 320 inhabitants. After the mechanization of agriculture led to a migration of part of the population in the cities. Due to the proximity to Burgos and the relatively low land prices, the population has increased slightly since the turn of the millennium.
The region is very much influenced by agriculture for centuries. Tourism ( Rentals ) plays only a minor role.
In documents of the 11th century Cayuela first mentioned. Like the surrounding areas it is likely in the 12th century to the monastery of San Pedro de Cardena, then have one of the basic rule of the Archdiocese of Burgos later - but exact data are missing.
- The single-nave parish church of San Esteban dates from the 13th century. The Archivolts their late Romanesque and early Gothic portal are hardly sharpened noticeably in the middle. A massive bell tower - built onto the north-east side of the church - even for static reasons; additionally rises above the west facade later added a simple bell gable ( espadaña ). The apse is in contrast to the rest of the building together from precisely cut stone and has a - partly figurative - console frieze below the eaves. This takes place - but made less expensive - even along the lateral eaves. The interior of the church has a later built Gothic ribbed vault and in addition to a Baroque altarpiece an exceptionally beautiful Romanesque font with figures of the Apostles within arcades - including also Peter (indicated by the keys) and Paul (indicated by the balding ); in addition, there are also lions and griffins. An elaborately crafted braided closes crafted from a stone basin upwards. The interior of the baptismal font is made in the form of a widely ribbed mussel.