Miranda de Ebro
Miranda de Ebro is a city in the province of Burgos in Spain. The city has 37 648 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2013) and is an important transport hub in Northern Spain dar.
Miranda de Ebro is located in the province of Burgos in Castile and Leon in the immediate vicinity of the Basque province of Álava and of the province and autonomous community of La Rioja. The place is located in a surrounded by several mountain ranges level.
Through the town, the river Ebro, which is responsible for the nickname Miranda flows. The coming of Álava rivers Bayas and Zadorra open at the suburbs in the Ebro.
Miranda de Ebro has a continental, dry climate. Winters are cold and summers are hot.
The human colonization of the area of Miranda can be traced back to the Stone Age. Pre-romanesque cultures and Romans left their mark here. After the collapse of the Visigothic kingdom, however, the region was at times virtually uninhabited due to its location on the border between Christians and Moors. Only in the course of the Reconquista, the diocese Valpuesta was founded in the year 804, to the later Miranda belonged. In the 9th century a number of monasteries in the area was built, and in the subsequent period until the 11th century was a first, tentative settlement in the present town area. During this period, the area of Miranda to the Kingdom of Navarre was one.
Miranda de Ebro in 1076 came under Alfonso VI. Castile. In the year 1099 the city received from the Castilian crown first economic rights and 1254 under Alfonso X. Finally, the municipal law.
Since 1862 through the establishment of railway lines Madrid - Irun and Bilbao - Castejón the cityscape Miranda is characterized by the railroad. The railway lines contributed significantly to the economic and industrial growth of the city.
In 1937, the Franco regime in Miranda de Ebro built a concentration camp in the German model to accommodate prisoners during the Spanish Civil War. The camp was run by the SS and Gestapo member Paul winemakers. The camp remained until 1947 exist.
Economy and infrastructure
Miranda de Ebro is a major transport hub in Northern Spain, where the highways AP-1 to Burgos, the AP -68 Bilbao - meet Logroño - Zaragoza, the National Road N 1 Madrid - Irun and N -120 Burgos. By Miranda lead the railway lines Madrid - Irun and Bilbao - Castejón.
Within a radius of 80 km the cities Bilbao, Burgos, Logroño and Vitoria are.