Briviesca is a small town with a long history in the northern Spanish province of Burgos in the autonomous community of Castile -Leon. The entire town was made a Cultural ( Cultural Bien of Interest ) explains in the category Conjunto histórico - artístico.
Briviesca lies on the Rio Oca at an altitude of about 725 meters above sea level. inst. Cities Burgos and Miranda del Ebro is about 46 km ( driving distance ) south-west and 45 kilometers north-easterly direction away. Briviesca has a station on the route Madrid - Irun.
By 1960, the population of the place always hovered around 3,500.
The area of the comarca of La Bureba 's been since ancient times a wheat -growing region, but also sunflower and legumes are sown. The designation of an industrial estate ( industrial polígono ) in the vicinity of the station has created jobs, which has led in recent years to an influx of workers and their families.
A place called virovesca has already been mentioned as the capital of the People of Autrigonier by Pliny the Elder in 77 AD; crossed here two important Roman roads. After the invasion of Germanic peoples and the advance of Islam, the significance of the place, the only awoke in the late Middle Ages to new heights loses.
- The Monasterio de Santa Clara Clare nuns from the 16th century is the largest building complex in the city - it includes not only the church and the monastery area, a pilgrims' hospital. The church was designed by Pedro de Rasines; the great altarpiece of walnut was fabricated and installed in the 1550s. In the hospital area there is a courtyard that resembles a two-storey cloister, but has never served as such.
- The construction of the Collegiate of Santa María la Mayor, begun in the 15th century; major parts have been completed only in the 17th and 18th centuries, so that especially the western part of the church as a whole is more likely attributable to the neoclassical style.
- The San Martín Church on the Plaza Mayor also dates from the 15th century, but it was revised in the 16th century. She has a remarkable, although in parts destroyed, Plateresque portal. The three-nave interior offers beautiful vaulted, a Renaissance stone pulpit ( pulpito ) with an Annunciation scene, and several precious carved altarpieces ( retablos ).
- Even some secular buildings such as the Casa de los Torre, the Palacio de los Martínez España and Casa de los Salamanca are important examples of the city's history.
- A few kilometers outside of Briviesca is the Sanctuary of Santa Casilda, which is dedicated to a Muslim princess of the 11th century, who secretly confessed to Christianity and worked as a benefactress. The small church has a two-story bell tower with accompanying side gables; its interior houses a statue of the Virgin by Diego de Siloam.
Collegiate of Santa María la Mayor
Church of San Martín
Sanctuary of Santa Casilda
- Juan de Ayolas († 1537 ), Conquistador