United Left (Spain)
The United Left (Spanish: Izquierda Unida, IU ) is a Spanish political party. It involves a company founded in 1986 left socialist party alliance, whose leadership is perceived by the Communists Cayo Lara.
Most important force within the IU is the Communist Party of Spain ( PCE), next, in addition to smaller regional and local groups and circles, inter alia, the Catalan Esquerra Unida i Alternativa, the Colectivo de Unidad de los Trabajadores - Bloque Andaluz de Izquierdas (Andalusia ) Partido Obrero Revolucionario and the represented. The counting of the founding members of the IU party Izquierda Republicana Partido de Acción de España and Socialista and the radical left Corriente Roja and the Basque countryside Berdeak - Los Verdes have left the IU in recent years. In the parliamentary elections on 14 March 2004, the IU scored just 5.0% (2000: 5.4%) and did so on five ( 2000: eight) members of parliament. She rested after the PSOE minority government of José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero. In the elections of March 9, 2008 IU lost another three seats and the first time their group status in the Spanish parliament. This led them mainly due to the smaller total Spanish parties strongly detrimental Spanish suffrage. This preference in seat allocation, the two major parties, which many IU supporters have moved tactical reasons for the choice of Socialists (so-called voto util ). So IU got just over 4 % of the vote, which also accounted for less than one percent of the seats. Among the Spanish general elections of 2011, the IU common she was twelve other, mostly regionally rooted leftist parties under the name " La Izquierda plural " and generated a profit of 6.9 % (11 deputies).
At European level, IU is a member of the Party of the European Left and provides for the legislative period 2004-2009 with Willy Meyer broke a deputy in the European Parliament.
The regional breakdowns of the IU lead partly dissenting denominations. These are:
- Andalusia: Izquierda Unida Los Verdes Concocatoria por Andalucía ( IULV -CA)
- Aragon: Izquierda Unida de Aragón
- Asturias: Izquierda Unida de Asturias / Izquierda Xunida d' Asturies ( IUA / IXA )
- Canary Islands: Izquierda Unida Canaria
- Cantabria: Izquierda Unida de Cantabria
- Castile -La Mancha: Izquierda Unida de Castilla -La Mancha ( IUCM )
- Castile and León: Izquierda Unida de Castilla y León ( IUCyL )
- Catalonia: Esquerra Unida i Alternativa ( EUiA ), not to be confused with Iniciativa per Catalunya Verds (ICV), with which it often competes with joint lists for elections. Organizationally, however, are both independent of each other.
- Ceuta: Izquierda Unida de Ceuta
- Basque Country: Ezker Anitza
- Extremadura: Izquierda Unida - Verdes - Compromisos por Extremadura (IU - V -CE)
- Galicia: Esquerda Unida Izquierda Unida - (EU -IU )
- Balearic Islands: Esquerra Unida de les Illes Balears ( EUIB )
- La Rioja: Izquierda Unida de La Rioja
- Madrid: Izquierda Unida Comunidad de Madrid ( IUCM )
- Murcia: Izquierda Unida Verdes de la Región de Murcia ( IUO -RM )
- Navarra: Izquierda Unida de Navarra / Nafarroako Ezker Batua ( IUN - NEB)
- Valencia: Esquerra Unida del Pais Valencian ( EUPV )
The IU introduced by Rosa Aguilar and later Andrés Ocaña 1999-2011 the mayor of Córdoba. From 2003 to 2007, the IU had the absolute majority of city governments in Andalusian Carmona. In the Madrid suburb of San Fernando de Henares Julio Martínez Setién governs in a coalition with the PSOE since 2007. Between 1999 and 2007, the IU ruled with absolute majority, Monserrat Muñoz. In the neighboring town of Rivas- Vaciamadrid it also provides the mayor.