San Fernando de Henares, Madrid
San Fernando de Henares is a municipality in the Autonomous Community of Madrid, about 15 km east of the city of Madrid. It lies in the Corredor del Henares, a part of the municipality is part of the Park of the Southeast.
- 2.1 Development
- 2.2 languages
- 2.3 religions
- 4.1 stronghold of the Izquierda Unida
- 4.2 municipal 4.2.1 Distribution of seats in the municipal council from 1987 to today
- 4.2.2 councilors of the government team
- 4.2.3 councilors of the opposition
- 4.2.4 List of mayors
- 5.1 Structures
- 5.2 Natural Monuments
- 5.3 Sport
- 5.4 Regular events
- 5.5 Specialty
- 6.1 traffic 6.1.1 airport
- 6.1.2 private transport
- 6.1.3 Public transport City bus 22.214.171.124 ( líneas urbanas )
- 126.96.36.199 Regional bus ( líneas interurbanas )
- 188.8.131.52 night bus ( líneas nocturnas )
- 184.108.40.206 Metro Madrid
- 6.2.1 Newspapers
- 6.2.2 Radio
- 6.2.3 television
The Madrid region is located on a plateau that drops from the Castilian vagina Mountains in the north and west to south- south-easterly direction to the banks of the Tagus. Several rivers cut through the plateau and lowlands have eroded out gently. San Fernando de Henares is located on the west bank of the Jarama. Southeast of the town center empties into the Jarama the Henares. In the north of the city lies the International Airport of Madrid -Barajas.
Expansion of the urban area
In the West, Avenida de la Cañada and the Avenide de Vicávaro forms the border with Coslada, to the north the Avenide del Jarama and the Carretera de Circunvalacion ( bypass) those to Madrid. On both the built-up area goes over without interruption.
To the east is beyond the beltway agricultural area. In the southwest Paseo de Oria demarcates the settlement area of the free field.
- West: The capital Madrid and Coslada.
- North - West: Torrejón de Henares.
- North: Paracuellos del Jarama.
- East: Alcalá de Henares, Torres de la Alameda and Loeches.
- South: Mejorada del Campo and Rivas- Vaciamadrid.
The city is divided into two nuclei: the city west of the Jarama and the business park Parque Empresarial San Fernando east of the Jarama and the ring motorway M-50 at the gateway to the neighboring town of Torrejón de Henares.
The city can be divided into two parts: the historic core around the two courts Plaza España and Plaza de Fernando IV with its concentrically around the core extending roads and the linear scale residential area south of the Avenida de San Sebastián.
The interior of Spain is characterized by oceanic - continental climate with cold winters with rainfall, isolated as snow and with very hot and dry summers.
Between 1987 and 2006 the population increased from 24 586 to 40 048 inhabitants to 62.9 % at. Since the year 1997, the inhabitants are statistically shown separately on their origin.
The percentage of foreigners from initially 0.7 % increased to 13.1%. The city is becoming more diverse and cosmopolitan. Of the 5,260 (100 %) in 2006 reported the Europeans were foreigners with 4,027 people ( 76.5 %) were the largest group. However originate only 207 (3.9%) from the EU, 3,820 ( 72.6 %) are Europeans from non-EU Staten. 753 residents (14.3% ) come from South America, 243 (4.6%) from Africa (including North Africa) and 109 (2.1%) from Asia. The rest is distributed to the other.
After the fall of communism, many Eastern Europeans migrated ( Europeans from non- EU countries) enter Spain and took over there easy, physical work, for example, in construction. But the gas supplies that often come in Spain in bottles to households and non- gas networks, often delivered by Eastern Europeans. In these areas, it slowly displace the group of North Africans that are partially integrated more today and catch up to higher layers.
The majority of the population speaks Spanish as their native language. The Immigrant (2006: 13.1%) associated with a multitude of other languages to San Fernando. In particular, the group of non -EU European has traditionally been rather limited knowledge of Spanish, while immigrants from South America often are native speakers of Spanish itself.
The majority of Sanfernandiner is Roman Catholic. San Fernando belongs to the Diocese of Alcalá de Henares and is divided into three parishes Nuestra Señora del Templo, the Purification of Our Sra. and los Santos y Juan Pablo organized.
Immigrants brought Islam ( from North Africa ), the Russian, and Ukrainian Orthodox faith (Eastern Europe ) and other religions in the city. None of these communities have houses of worship within the city limits. The nearby city of Madrid offers all religious communities meeting places.
Catholic immigrants will find the infrastructure of their church.
But today religion plays only a subordinate role for many people.
1746 King Philippe V. bought land around a royal cloth factory in the area of San Fernando de Henares to set up. Shortly afterwards he died and the project was during the tenure of Ferdinand VI. of Spain (sp.. Fernando VI) brought to an end, the Ventura de Argumosa as governor of the Real Sitio ( royal trading estate ) appointed. Today, 1748 is considered the founding date of San Fernando de Henares.
Around the factory housing for the workers of the textile mill were built, forming the core of today's church. Compared to the factory, a square space was created (now the Plaza España ), which was connected to a shaft with a second round (today Plaza de Fernando VI. ). This area along with the original houses are placed under monument protection today.
During the 250 years of its history San Fernando has experienced several up-and lowlands. The cloth factory underwent several renovations and became a hospice. The main facade is preserved and houses the city administration.
The Real Sitio was sold mid-19th century at a public auction.
1748, Ferdinand VI. the cloth factory, which became the nucleus of the city
Town Hall with modern extension
Stronghold of the Izquierda Unida
In addition to Rivas- Vaciamadrid San Fernando is the only major city madrilenian that the party alliance of the United Left (sp.: Izquierda Unida ) is governed. At the national level, the IU is a smaller party by 5 percent. The IU has lost its absolute majority in the City Council 2007. She remained mostly elected party.
In elections to citizen representatives on a higher level ( Assembly of Madrid, Spanish Congress or Parliament) Although the sovereign tends more to the two major parties. Nevertheless, the performance of the IU is above the regional or national average.
Congress IU votes in San Fernando de Henares ( jar) 4,790 (1996 ) 3,159 (2000) 2,981 (2004) 2,070 (2008)
On the first local council elections after democratization reached 1979, the Spanish Communist Party an overwhelming majority. First Mayor was Angel Fernández Lupión, who leaves after a few months in office this to Enrique Guerra López.
In the local elections of April 2007, the withdrawal of Alkaldin ( mayor ) of San Fernando Montserrat Muñoz from local politics left a gap in the Izquierda Unida (IU ). This lost its absolute majority, drove a its worst result since 1991 and is on par with the conservative People's Party (PP). A coalition between socialists (IU ) and Social Democrats ( PSOE) made Julio Setién (IU ) - previously Teniente Alcalde (Vice - Mayor ) - the Alcalde.
In his message to the citizens of San Fernando Setién identifies the objectives for the term:
" Now we have four exciting years ahead of us, where we will drive the construction and rehabilitation of the historic center to a climax, hundreds of low cost housing are already working, will give us a network of parking lots, creating new parks, new sports -, will construct culture and health care centers. We will improve the oldest neighborhood and the youth will provide more recreational activities, we will devote ourselves to the creation of thousands of jobs and we will have a cleaner city. "
Setién therefore takes before the classic for the Socialists / Communists policies.
Montserrat Muñoz, the Alcaldesa ( Mayor ) in the years 1999 to 2007 attracted more than Nachrückerin for Angel Perez in July 2007 as deputies in the Congreso de los Deputies ( Congress of Deputies ), where it has one of the five total Spanish or one of the two Madrid seats Izquierda Unida held the Eighth legislature. The minority government of the PSOE is supported in addition to the parties ERC, CiU and PNV of the IU. In the Spanish general elections of 2008, the IU lost its second seat in the constituency Madrid (it), so Montserrat Muñoz no longer a member (s) the Congreso.
Allocation of seats in the municipal council from 1987 to today
In the local elections of 2007, the Popular Party achieved his best result in the period since 1987. In turn, the result of the Socialists (IU ) was the worst since 1991, they lost the absolute majority, they held since 1999. Only the smallest party in the city council, the PSOE could help her even by a coalition on the government bench.
Municipal councils of the government team
- Alcalde (Mayor ) and chairman Julio Martínez Setién (IU )
- 1st Deputy Alcalde. Department of public ground and Housing: Manuel González Rojo ( PSOE)
- 2 Deputy Alcalde. Chief Financial Officer, youth, children and adolescents: María Paz Romero Urbano (IU )
- 3 Deputy Alcalde. Departmental territorial policies ( urban, industrial, environmental ): Joaquín Martínez Martínez ( IU )
- 4 Deputy Alcalde. Department Public Safety, traffic, transport and civil protection: Carmen Muñoz Paredes ( PSOE)
- 5 Deputy Alcalde. Department Education and Sport: Ángel García Moreno (IU )
- 6 Deputy Alcalde. Departmental culture and festivals: Francisco Javier Rubio corpa ( PSOE)
- 7 Deputy Alcalde. Social services department: Isabel Álvarez Muñoz (IU )
- Personnel Department, Home Affairs and Civil Participation: María Antonia Arenas Laserna (IU )
- Responsible for Infrastructure, Public Works and Services: Alberto López Cabrera (IU )
- Urban Development Department, Employment and Training, Women's and Co-operation in the development of: Mercedes Varas Gutiérrez (IU )
- Department of Health and Consumption: María Asunción Fernández Cubero ( PSOE)
- Industry and New Technologies: Ramón Díaz Selles ( PSOE)
Councilors of the opposition
- Eusebio González Castilla (Speaker) (PP )
- María Rosa Delgado Arenas ( Vice - Chairman) (PP )
- Jesús Herranz Cubero (Vice - Chairman) (PP )
- José Carlos Díaz Nieto (PP )
- Ana Melara Machuca (PP )
- Manuel Núñez Malvar (PP )
- María José Barceló Calvo (PP )
- Jesús Silvestre Maqueda (PP )
List of mayors
In the referendum on the European Constitution in 2005 was attended by 42.60 % of the voting Sanfernandiner and took them with 76.93 % share of votes. Thus the Sanfernandiner were somewhat committed and something Europhile than the total Madrid: Turnout 41.65 %. Yes 74.11 % for the Constitution.
Culture and sights
Around the Plaza España and the Plaza de San Fernando Fernando IV is still as at the time of its foundation. The town center was declared Conjunto Histórico - artístico.
On the former, still stands the old textile mill that now houses the city administration, and the homes of factory workers. The lobby also houses the archives of the city with historical documents of the city's founding to the present.
On the latter stands the statue of Fernando VI, which was brought here in 1844 from the Royal Palace.
The Palacio de Aldobea is a medieval fort and is now used for recreational events.
The floodplain of the Jarama and Henares and the Park of the Southeast Sanfernandinern serve as recreational areas.
At the Glorieta de Europa on the ring road, the elm avenue Paseo de los chopos begins that leads to the Natural Park.
His football club, Club Deportivo San Fernando de Henares ( Spanish) plays in the Tercera División, the Spanish third division, and reached in the 2006/2007 season 3rd place
- May 30 Fiestas de San Fernando. Holy City. Throughout the week a carnival takes place. In addition, flea markets, sporting and cultural events.
- February 3, Día de la Candelaria Día de la also called tortilla. Carnival tradition.
Economy and infrastructure
The GDP / capita in 2002 was in San Fernando at € 26 204 (provisional / 2003: € 27,513 Update). By comparison, in the entire Autonomous Community of the per capita GDP was € 22,591. Compared with GDP / capita of the EU -27 in 2006 ( ie four years later ) at € 23,400, that of Germany at 28,000 €, that. Of Austria at € 31,100 San Fernando is part of the above average strong European metropolitan area of Madrid. The figures for 2006 are likely to those that Austria's probably surpass that of Germany with certainty.
Six kilometers north of the industrial area of San Fernando is the International Airport of Madrid -Barajas.
Madrid is surrounded by the three motorway rings, the innermost M -30, the mean M-40 and the outer M- 50th West of San Fernando, even beyond the western neighboring city Coslada leads the M-40 over. About the road M -206 San Fernado - Torrejón de Henares get road users east to M -50 ( driveway 21).
The half- ring M-45 goes south from San Fernando by the M-50 and forms the south of Madrid an additional ring motorway. A little further south of M-45 still leads the relief road car R-3 to Madrid in the west or southeast to Arganda del Rey and from there to the A-3.
Radiating out from the center of Madrid to go to the major highways. Among them, the A-2, the Autovia del Nordeste to Zaragosa - Barcelona, the p is tangent to the north, at kilometer 15.
City bus ( líneas urbanas )
Regional bus ( líneas interurbanas )
- 822 Madrid ( Aeropuerto ) ↔ ↔ Coslada S. Fernando de Henares
- 281 Madrid ( Avda. América ) ↔ S. Fernando de Henares
- 282 Madrid ( Avda. América ) ↔ p ↔ H. Fernando de Mejorada del Campo
- 283 Madrid ( Avda. América ) ↔ ↔ Coslada S. Fernando de H.
- 284 Madrid ( Avda. América ) ↔ ↔ Velilla Loeches
- 285 Madrid ( Avda. América ) ↔ ↔ Velilla Arganda
- 286: Madrid ( Ciudad lineal ) ↔ Coslada ( ciudad 70)
- 287 Madrid ( Vicalvaro ) ↔ Coslada ( Barrio de la Estacion )
- 288 Madrid ( Ciudad lineal ) ↔ ↔ Coslada San Fernando
- 289: Madrid ( Ciudad lineal ) ↔ Coslada
Night bus ( líneas nocturnas )
- N21: Madrid ( Ciudad lineal ) ↔ ↔ Coslada San Fernando Mejorada del Campo ↔
On 5 May 2007, the extension of line 7 of the Madrid Metro was inaugurated. San Fernando got 3 metro stations. The stations of San Fernando, Jarama and Henares belong to the tariff zone B1.
Entrance to the station San Fernando
Henares. By 2008, the terminus of line 7
- La Quincena: periódico local del Corredor del Henares (Local newspaper for the communities in the Corredor del Henares)
- PERIODICOMercado ( Classifieds )
- Onda Cero Alcalá
- Onda Cero Coslada
- Radio Sensación
- RK -20
- Telecorredor, local stations of the Corredor del Henares on channel 38 UHF