Algete is a small town in the northeast of Madrid Autonomous Region, it is 38 kilometers northeast of the city of Madrid, close to the National Road I, which leads to the Basque country and France.
- 3.1 Structures
The municipality lies in a plane at the Jarama River, nestled between the high plateau of Llano del Campo in the west and smaller hills in the east. The town itself is situated on a hill, which is surmounted by higher hills that protect Algete by the winds.
The altitude is between 600 meters and 780 meters at the Jarama on a couple of hills to the east.
The climate is subtropical continental, the average temperatures range from a minimum of 4 ° C in winter and a maximum of 35 ° C in summer.
Flora and Fauna
The trees consist primarily of live oak together, although this decline continues. Are found in the valleys isolated ash trees and poplars; There are almond trees and olive groves, which are not used industrially. On hills and meadows broom and thyme can be found, also matted fire herb. In forested areas, there are a variety of low vegetation such as weißstängeliger asparagus, daisies, nettles. The formerly rich and diverse animal population ( wild boars, hares, rabbits, partridges, quails ) was decimated by hunting. Most characteristic for the denunciation of Algete is typical of the Jaramagebiet birdlife, including the Hoopoe, the bee-eater and the Redwing include; adding more vertebrates such as toads, frogs, snakes and lizards.
At the site of the present Algete finds from the Neolithic period have been made. Later, the Romans settled here and the Visigoths. The first document dates from 720 AD. from the time of the conquest of the Iberian Peninsula by the Arabs under Tariq ibn Ziyad. This put them on the way north on the hill of Algete a garrison with the name Al- satellite to monitor from there the river Jarama. This garrison probably came under the Kingdom of Toledo. From 1081 the conquest of Jaramasenke by Alfonso VI. , Who had expel the Muslim population for the most part begins.
In the 16th century Algete receives city rights. From this period dates the present parish church, which probably replaced a Romanesque predecessor church. Under Pope Gregory XIII. reaches Algete from the possession of the Archdiocese of Toledo to the Spanish King Philip II, who sold the city to García Hurtado de Mendoza, Marquis of Cañete and viceroy of Peru.
Culture and sights
The typical house form earlier consisted of brick or toledanischem composite masonry ( bricks with clay alone or with pebbles ). They were mostly single-storey and have curved roofs with a slope of about 40% and canopies, under which the swallows nests. The wooden doors were made of wide boards or square panels with large nails, the windows were located wrought-iron lattice. Two-storey houses usually had a terrace or a gallery with wooden railings or balconies with wrought iron railings. In the old town there are a few examples of this house type. In recent decades, especially multi-family houses were built; in recent years is the tendency to townhouses.
Economy and infrastructure
The population remained between the 16th century and the 1970s, with around 2,000 inhabitants largely stable. From then on she grew enormously to 20,136 on 1 January 2013. The traditional occupation of the village was agriculture, which has today been replaced by the service sector and small businesses. A large part of the population has a job in Madrid or at the airport Madrid -Barajas, who has been opening of Terminal 4 only 20 kilometers away.