Canencia is a municipio in the comarca of the Sierra Norte in the province and in the Autonomous Community of Madrid. The municipality has an area of 52.7 km ² and a population of 483 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2013), for a population density of 9 people / km ².

  • 2.1 Development
  • 2.2 religions
  • 4.1 municipal
  • 5.1 Structures
  • 5.2 Regular events
  • 5.3 Recreational activities
  • 6.1 traffic


Geographical location

Canencia lies on 1144 m in the north- north-east open valley east of the eponymous creek, which flows into the river Lozoya, in the Sierra de Guadarrama. 1772 Cabeza de la Braña (m - In the west the municipality of the mountains espartal (1733 m), Cerro del Águila is limited ( 1663 m), in the south of La Perdiguerra ( 1766m ), Canencia (1503 m pass ) ), Mondalindo / Cabeza del Cervanal (1831 m).

Neighboring communities

Canensia bordered to the south by the municipalities Bustarviejo and Miraflores de la Sierra, in the south-southwest at Rascafría, in the west on Alameda del Valle and Pinilla del Valle, on the north by the town of Lozoya, to the northeast Gargantilla del Lozoya y Pinilla de Buitrago and East with Garganta de los Montes.


In the high altitude mountain climate prevails. Through the mountain ranges in the east, south and west, the climate is mild even in summer, as in the center of the autonomous community of Madrid.


The proportion of foreigners is less than one percent. 10.71% are 15 years or disciples, 38.46 % are 65 years or older. Thus, the group of addicts is about the same as people of working age.


Data Source


Catholicism is the dominant religion.


Canencia was, like most places in the Sierra to the conquest of Toledo by Alfonso VI. King of León, King of Castile in 1085 repopulated by settlers from Segovia. Until 1813 the place to the community of the city and the country Segovia ( Comunidad de Ciudad y Tierra de Segovia) belonged and then became part of the province of Madrid. Mid-19th century, the population had risen to 700. Middle of the 20th century, the pass road over the Canencia built to Miraflores.


The Canencier and Canencierinnen are pro-European. In the referendum on the European Constitution in 2005 voted 89.23 % with a turnout of 50.91 % "Yes".

Parish council

Culture and sights


  • Church of Santa María del Castillo. Gothic church from the 15th century.
  • Hermitage of the Holy Christ ( Eramita del Santo Cristo ).
  • The Beschlagungsbank. Here sooner horses and working bullocks were shod.
  • Fuente Cantarranas. Source to the underground water comes to the surface and the Canencia feeds.
  • Old Mill

Regular events

  • End of January. La Vaquilla ( the little cow ).
  • Holy Week. Procession of the plow ( Procession del Arado ).
  • Second weekend in October. Virgin of the Castle ( Virgen del Castillo ).


In Canencia offers a range of recreational activities for tourists and day trippers such as hiking, cycling, horse riding paths, mountain climbing and paragliding.

When the Canencia Pass car park of ecological trail of Canencia ( Senda Ecológica de Canencia ) a marked circular walk of about two hours, begins.

Economy and infrastructure

27.5 % of the population are members of the Seguridad Social (social security contributions ). The GDP of € 9,539, which is distributed by sector as follows: agriculture 7.95 %, industry 37.94 % and 54.11 % service. 0.93 % of residents work in commerce, 7% in the hospitality industry. 1,000 inhabitants account for 503,50 tourists. In Canencia there are 38 hotel parking.


Canencia 83 km from Madrid ( distance covered). The pass road M -629 runs through the valley of Canencia from the south ( pass ) to the north ( entrance to the Lozoya Valley ). By Canencia ( Canencia Pass - 1,600 m ) in the south of the site is connected to Miraflores de la Sierra. In the north of the M -629 opens into the M -604, which opens up the valley of Loyoza in east-west direction. From there east leads to the motorway A-1. From there west to Rascafría, passports Cotos and Puerto de Navacerrada to Segovia in the north or in the south of Madrid.

The bus lines 194 and 195 connect the city with Madrid (Plaza Castilla ).