Soria is the capital of the province of Soria in the east of the Castilla y León Autonomous Region. With 39 753 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2013) is the second smallest province of Teruel, Spain's capital, living in it about 40 % of the inhabitants of the sparsely populated province of the same name. The city is situated on the upper reaches of the River Duero.
About eight kilometers north of Soria ( at Garray ) are the ruins of Numancia, a populated since the Bronze Age Celtiberian oppidum, the 133 BC by Roman troops of the younger Scipio ( Aemilianus ) in Numantinischen war after repeated attacks and a long siege are destroyed been. The site can be visited, in Soria is the Museo Numantino is dedicated to archaeological finds.
In 1380, a court decision of the Cortes of Soria forbade the Jews to settle their own criminal cases in court. In addition, a decree of the year before the late King Henry II was, according to which Jews were not allowed to be employed in the royal administration and nobles. These decisions served as the basis for the hate speech of the archdeacon Ferran Martinez that led to the massacre of the Jewish population in 1391.
Palaces and bridges
- Palacio de los Condes de Gómara
- Palacio de los Marquis de Alcántara
- Palacio de los Ríos y Salcedo
- Puente de Piedra
Soria has a rich heritage of Romanesque buildings, especially churches that had built the Castilian King Alfonso VIII.
Co-Cathedral San Pedro
San Pedro since 1959, second bishop of the diocese of Osma - Soria church next to the Cathedral in El Burgo de Osma, 60 km away. From the construction of the 12th century, which collapsed in 1520, the pure Romanesque windows and the cloister are still preserved. The new building completed in 1573 was transformed Plateresque. Inside are two interesting altarpieces to see: In the apse a reredos in the style of the Renaissance and to the right an essay Plateresque. The Chapel of San Saturio ( on the right bank of the Duero ) houses a valuable Flemish triptych of 1559 from San Pedro.
The former monastery church from the 12th century is strong French influences and acts like a miniature repetition of Notre -Dame- la -Grande de Poitiers. The major western facade is divided on two floors with blind arcades. In the gable is a large rose window. The portal is richly decorated with sculptures in the Archivolts and the tympanum.
San Juan de Duero
From the former monastery of the Knights Templar from the 12th century the nave church are preserved with apse and vorgelagertem Presbyterialraum and the cloister of the 13th century. In his construction of the cloister expresses the different cultures of medieval Spain: there are elements of Romanesque, Gothic, Mudejar and oriental influences the present.
San Juan de Rabanera
At the built in 12th century in pre-Romanesque style church Byzantine influences, but also Gothic pointed arch approaches can be seen.
Santo Domingo: west facade
San Juan de Duero: cloister
San Juan de Rabanera: apse
Other notable churches in the city are
- Santa Maria la Mayor, Nuestra Señora de la Merced, El Hospital, El Salvador, the Carmelite Church and the chapel of La Soledad.
On the outskirts of Soria, there are two baroque pilgrimage church from the 18th century, the Ermita de la Virgen del Mirón as well as the patron saint of the city dedicated to the Ermita de San Saturio.