National Gallery of Art

The National Gallery of Art (short: NGA, English, German National Gallery of Art) is an American Art Museum in Washington, DC

The museum consists of two buildings, the East Building and the West Building. Both are located in the National Mall and are connected by an underground tunnel. The National Gallery of Art is connected with the Smithsonian Institution, even if it is under different management.


The NGA 1937 was commissioned by Congress in order to accommodate the donated art collection of Andrew W. Mellon can. On March 17, 1941 opened the original museum, which is the West Building of the NGA today. The neoclassical design by the architect John Russell Pope. The geometric design of the East Building also comes from IM Pei. This was opened in 1978. 1999 an adjoining sculpture garden was opened. As a public body the Federation of entry into the National Gallery of Art is free.

West Building

In the western building is an extensive collection of paintings and sculptures of great European artists from the Middle Ages to the late 19th century as well as American artists from the 18th century to the early 20th century. Highlights of the collection include paintings by Jan van Eyck, Raphael, Titian, Vermeer, Rembrandt, Monet, Van Gogh, and the only widely recognized paintings of Leonardo da Vinci, the portrait of Ginevra Benci on the American continent.

East Building

The East Building focuses on modern and contemporary art. Including works by Picasso, Matisse, Jackson Pollock, Andy Warhol, Max Beckmann and Alexander Calder. In the East building also houses the main office of the museum.

The exhibited in the sculpture garden sculptures include works by Joan Miró, Louise Bourgeois, Roy Lichtenstein and tyrant Guimard.

In 2009 the NGA 4.6 million visitors.

The East Building, designed by IM Pei was awarded in 2004 by the American Institute of Architects Twenty -five Year Award.

The East Building of the Museum of I.M. Pei

Detail view of the East building

Interior of East building with modern art