Juhani Aho

Juhani Aho [ juhɑni ɑhɔ ], actually Juhani Brofeldt [ bru ː fɛlt ] ( born September 11, 1861 in Lapinlahti; † August 8, 1921 in Helsinki) was a Finnish writer and journalist.


Juhani Aho came from a pietistic parents house in which the reading of secular literature was not tolerated. His father was a pastor in Lapinlahti. Aho studied from 1880 to 1884 History and Literature in Helsinki. Already during his studies he worked freelance for various Finnish newspapers. He was also the co-founder of the newspaper Päivälehti. Thus it was, inter alia, one of the most important figures in the boys Finland, a group that formulated new thoughts about society, art and morality in Finland in the eighties of the 19th century. Invitations and trips to France and Russia followed.

First literary suggestions gave him Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson, Henrik Ibsen, Leo Tolstoy and Emile Zola. But Aho also continued the humanistic traditions of Finnish literature, as already Kivi or Minna Canth. Even today, his translations have their importance.

Aho drew his subjects from the Finnish folk life and was just so that the pioneer of modern Finnish realism.

In 1891 he married the painter Vendla Irene Soldan Brofeldt called Venny and fathered two children with her: Heikki Taavetti ( 1895-1961 ) and Antti Juhani Aho ( 1900-1960 ). With Vennys sister Mathilde he also begat a son: Nils Björn Soldan ( 1902-1953 ).

Juhani Aho died at the age of 59 years.


" Aho has the tender way of the despised individualities of life, the causes he can feel sympathy not only for the new that comes, but also for the old, which goes " ( statement by the Swedish author Geijerstam; quoted in Hans Marquardt, in: " people in the spring", Leipzig, 1974, pp. 592 ). After Marquart even the charm of his works is in the " deep psychological empathy " Aho.


  • Juha, 1911, German Heavy blood
  • Panu, 1897
  • Papin Rouva, 1893
  • Yksin, 1890
  • Hell Mannin herrat, 1886, German landowner Hellmann, 1886 ( according to Hans Marquardt in " People in Spring", Leipzig 1974, p 592 )
  • Papin tytär, 1885, the German pastor's daughter, 1893
  • Rautatie, 1884, German Railways
  • Siihen aikaan kun isä Lampoon osti, 1884, dt When father bought the lamp
  • Yksin, 1890