Julius Victor Carus

Julius Victor Carus ( born August 25, 1823 in Leipzig, † March 10, 1903 ) was a German zoologist.


Carus in 1853 Professor of Comparative Anatomy and Director of the Zoological Institute at the University of Leipzig.

He was in correspondence with Charles Darwin, and he has translated the Origin of Species, The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals and The formation of vegetable mold into German. These translations have since been often used as a standard translation. He also translated 1863 that the work of Thomas Henry Huxley, Man's Place in Nature ( Testimonies for the position of man in nature).

Carus worked with Albert von Kölliker and Carl von Siebold. In 1875 he founded the magazine Zoologischer Anzeiger.

In 1856, Carus was elected a member of the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina. 1861 Carus was admitted to the Leipzig Masonic Lodge Minerva of the three palms, which he chaired from 1874 to 1881 as Master of the chair.


  • Icones Zootomicae. With original contributions of Messrs. G.J. Allman, C. Gegenbaur, T. H. Huxley, Alb. Kölliker, H. Müller, MS Schultze, C. Th E. von Siebold and F. Stein. Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann, 1857.
  • Bibliotheca zoologica. Leipzig 1861.
  • About the Leptocephaliden. Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig 1861.
  • Wilhelm Peters and Carl Eduard Adolph Gerstäcker: Handbook of Zoology. Leipzig 1863-1875
  • Alexander von Humboldt. A scientific biography, 3 vols. Leipzig 1872.
  • History of zoology until John Mueller and Charles Darwin. Munich 1872 ( digitized and full text in German Text Archive )