Konstantin Yuon

Konstantin Fyodorovich Yuon (Russian Константин Фёдорович Юон; * 12.jul / October 24 1875greg in Moscow, .. † April 11, 1958 ) was a Russian Soviet painter, stage designer and art theorist.


Konstantin Yuon was born in the family of a Swiss- Russian bank employees in Moscow. His brother Paul Juon was a noted composer. From 1892 to 1898 Juon studied at the Moscow School of Art, among others Konstantin Savitsky at, Konstantin Korovin and Abram Arkhipov. After he finished his studies, he took 1898-1900 private lessons with Valentin Serov. For multiple stays in Western Europe and Paris, he came into contact with the works of Impressionists such as Camille Pissarro, but retained his own characteristic style at.

In 1900, Yuon in Moscow opened the first private painting and drawing school. Later he taught at the Leningrad Academy of Arts and the Moscow Surikov Art Institute. Among his pupils were, inter alia, Alexander Kuprin, Vladimir and Vera Mukhina Faworski. For the Moscow Teatr Chudoschestwenny and the Maly Teatr he designed stage sets. Also on opera performances he worked with. 1903 Juon was among the founders of the Russian Union of Artists ( Союз русских художников ) and he was a member of the artist association I Iskusstwa.

In Soviet times, Juon was from 1948 to 1950 director of the art theoretical research Institute of the Academy of Arts and 1956-1958 First Secretary of the Soviet Artists' Union. In 1943 he was awarded the Stalin Prize, Lenin got a medal and other awards. Since 1951 he was a member of the CPSU. Konstantin Yuon died on 11 April 1958 in Moscow and was buried in the Novodevichy Cemetery.


Konstantin Yuon began his artistic work as an Impressionist landscape and genre painter with a Symbolist staining. The Symbolist influence most clearly in the cycle creation of the world (1908-1912), which has the creation story on the topic, as well as in The New Planet (1921 ), a painting depicting the October Revolution as a cosmic catastrophe.

In his landscape paintings he mixed elements of Palekh and icon painting. Juons late work was determined by Socialist Realism, such as parade on Red Square on November 7, 1941 (1949 ).

Literature / Sources

  • Борисовская, Н. А. / Гордон, Е. С. (Ed.): Русские художники от А до Я. Москва: .. Слово 2000 ISBN 5850502319 p 210 (in Russian )