The Levočské mountains (also Levočské Mountains, Slovak Levočské Hills ) are a mountain range in eastern Slovakia to the north of the city Levoča ( German Leutschau ).
The area consists of a massive mountain ridge with elevations up to 1200 meters. A branched system of bifurcations crossed by deeply cut valleys united in the center. The shape is determined by thick layers of sandstone and thinner slate and gravel rocks. Due to its location in the rain shadow of the Tatra Mountains, the area is relatively low precipitation.
The highest mountains include the Čierna Hora ( German " height", 1290 m nm), the Siminy ( German " Big Schimmbäder ", 1287 m nm), the Ihla ( German "needle", 1282 m nm), the Repisko ( German " Reps ", 1250 m nm ) and the Javorina ( German " hamstrings ", 1224 m nm). The high and hard to reach summits are covered with spruce and fir forests, the latter especially in the wetter valleys. They also find mixed forests of beech, oak and pine trees on the south and southwest slopes.
Since the 7th century can be detected in the area a Slavic settlement. But it was only in the 13th century, the population increased greatly, when the Hungarian kings decided after the Mongol invasions in the 13th and 14th centuries to bring German settlers into the country. By thus formed mining bordering cities like Levoča ( Leutschau ), Kežmarok ( Käsmark ) and Ľubica caused to the Mountains ( Leibitz ).
In the 13th and 15th century, the forests have been cleared in some valleys in the south, and Vlachs settled there. So the places Torysky ( German Untersiebenbrunn ) Repaše ( German Ripsch ) and Oľšavica emerged ( German Olschawitz ).
As of 1953, the largest part of the mountain was part of the training area Javorina so many settlements had to be evacuated. In early 2011, the site was returned to civilian use and military district divided the surrounding communities.
- Mountains in Europe
- Mountains in Slovakia