An outdoor pool is a scale outdoor public baths. This facility is in addition to the actual swimming area also changing rooms, toilets, swimming areas and is monitored by supervisory personnel. For the use of investments is normally charged a fee.
An outdoor swimming pool consists of either a defined area of a flowing or standing water or from a landscaped outdoor swimming pool. This pool is usually so that it can be held sports competitions is rectangular in shape and standardized dimensions. The pool length is normally a then 25 m or 50 m. Often a diving platform is available. Most also a paddling pool for children are in such a system.
In many cities, there is also the name Sommerbad because the bathrooms are closed during the colder months. If the pool inside or at the edge of a forest, one speaks of a forest pool.
In contrast to the mostly fee-based outdoor pools, there are also lakes that are free of charge used for bathing and swimming. These are called lakes and have little or no structural equipment.
The bathing and swimming ancient culture was lost in the Middle Ages - Baden was to the Enlightenment as disreputable and became popular again, as the first English seaside resorts emerged only in the late 18th century.
To the decency enough to do, came in the 19th century all kinds of devices such as boards boxes, bathing machines and the first beach baskets are used - to swimming costumes that shrouded the entire body. Even in the middle of the 19th century the free swimming could be punished in the river.
The first devices that resemble modern outdoor pools came, then with the riverside pools on where a pontoon with platform and inset pool was anchored in the water. On the shore stood changing rooms in rank and file and shielded from the basin from prying eyes.
One of the first open-air pools in northern Germany was the Kreidemannsche Institute at the jammed since the Middle Ages Wakenitzrestaurant in the Hanseatic city of Lübeck. It was opened in 1799 by the swimming teacher Anton chalk man and existed until 1898. As a replacement for the swimming pool, which had to give way to the construction work for the Elbe- Lübeck Canal a culvert, opened the city of Lübeck in 1899 in the vicinity of the bath at the Wakenitzrestaurant which still exists today and is a listed outdoor pool at Falkenwiese.
In the city of Fürth ( and only there) the term pool was in contrast to Zahlbad: One was without, the other to visit with entrance fee. Both were natural river swimming outdoors. Only in 1955 with the opening of a swimming pool in the modern sense is possible in the terminology of today.
- Swimming pool, indoor swimming pool, thermal pool, natural pool, beach, public bath, children's pool