- 13.12777777777828.418611111111Koordinaten: 13 ° 8 ' S, 28 ° 25' O
Luanshya is a mining town 30 kilometers southwest of Ndola and 42 kilometers southeast of Kitwe in Copperbelt Province in Zambia. It has 112 726 inhabitants ( 2006 estimate ) and is situated at 1,200 meters above sea level. It is the seat of the administration of the district of the same with 147 908 inhabitants ( 2000 census ).
Luanshya has the oldest copper mine in Zambia. When William Collier, whose monument still stands in the city, on the banks discovered copper in the hunt on the river Luanshya in 1902, that was the beginning. The roan antelope, which he had shot, was lying with his head on a rock in which the ore vein was clearly visible.
The company, which henceforth opened up the copper deposits, called the Roan Antelope Copper Mines Ltd accordingly. Today it is one of the Zambia Consolidated Copper Mines and continues to be one of the richest deposits. Also Luanshya Copper Mines Plc. still working. The copper smelter ceased operations. Nevertheless, the Luanshya and the youwill mines produced 1996 48.345 tons of copper and 1,216 tonnes of cobalt.
During the 20th century large amounts of copper was extracted from the ground and the city prospered. Only with the fall in world prices for copper in the 1990s, copper production was uneconomical, and the city lost nearly a fifth of its inhabitants.
1930 was the first mining camp. This is considered the founding of Luanshya. The town developed around two centers, the mine and the administrative center. During the colonial period, she played a leading role in the labor movement, whose goal was to improve wages and living conditions of workers.
Luanshya has primary and secondary schools, a school for the disabled, hospitals, a Technical Vocational School Teachers College ( Luanshya Technical and Vocational Teachers College, TVTC ). The predominant language is Bemba.
Sons and daughters of the town
- David Webster (1945-1989), South African anthropologist and anti-apartheid activist
- James Chamanga (* 1980), Zambian footballer