Mansfield is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio and the administrative seat of Richland County.
The 2000 census showed a population of 49 346 people. 2007 Mansfield was estimated at 49 675 inhabitants. In the metropolitan area of Mansfield at that time lived a total of 125 679 residents, while the Mansfield - Bucyrus Combined Statistical Area 169 906 inhabitants included.
Mansfield is located about 129 km southwest of Cleveland and 106 kilometers northeast of Columbus
Mansfield is located in the western foothills of the Allegheny Plateau. Because of this situation Mansfield is one of the most elevated cities of Ohio. Its highest point reaches the city at the Woodland reservoir, 455 m above sea level. The Central Park in downtown Mansfield is at 378.76 meters above sea level.
Mansfield is located on a tributary of the Mohican River.
1808 founded James Hedges, Jacob Newman and Joseph Larwill a settlement. The inhabitants called the place Mansfield, after Jared Mansfield. The town grew slowly and had in 1817 only 20 houses and a shop. 1846 Mansfield had 23 shops, seven churches, two newspaper offices and 2,330 inhabitants. This rapid population growth is at least partly due to the completion of the rail link between Mansfield and Sandusky ( Mansfield and Sandusky Railroad ) in that year. More on that later came more railway lines.
In the second half of the 19th century Mansfield grew explosively. In the census of 1880, there were 9,859 people in the city, in 1890 there were already 13,473. Four railway lines ran in 1888 through the city, which had become a major industrial and commercial center in northern Zentralohio. Mansfield's largest employer next to metalworking companies was the cigar factory Hautzenroeder & Company, which had only 285 employees out of the city in 1888. This year Hautzenroeder also established a field office for convicts in the Ohio State Reformatory, the prisoners house in Mansfield. The prison gave also the setting for the films Tango and Cash and The Shawshank Redemption.
- John Peter Altgeld (1847-1902), politician
- Mordecai Bartley (1783-1870), politician
- Louis Bromfield (1896-1956), writer
- Sherrod Brown ( b. 1952 ), politician and U.S. Senator
- Michael Landon Gernhardt ( born 1956 ), astronaut
- Pete Henry (1897-1952), American football player and coach
- Sylvia McNair ( born 1956 ), opera singer
- Robert Byington Mitchell (1823-1882), general and politician
- Christopher Moore ( born 1957 ), writer
- Luke Perry (born 1965 ), actor
- Charles Williams (born 1962 ), boxer