Marlen Haushofer, was born the daughter of a forester and a maid in Mrs. Stone, a district of the Upper Austrian town of Molln. In 1930 Haushofer visited the boarding school of the Ursulines in Linz. In the school year 1938/39, she moved to the high school of the Sisters of the Cross. Since this was done religiously, it fell under the closure adoption, and the NS - school authorities established there a public school. The teaching staff of the Sisters of the Cross, however, continued to teach. Haushofer put on 18 March 1939, this second high school for girls in Linz from their graduation. After a short period of labor service, she studied from 1940 German in Vienna and later ( from 1943) in Graz. She married in 1941 the dentist Manfred Haushofer, with whom she moved to Steyr later. The marriage, which was renewed in 1950 and divorced in 1958, comes from a son, a second, older illegitimate son she brought into the marriage with.
From 1946 published Haushofer smaller stories in magazines. However, a first success she succeeded only in 1952 with the novella The fifth year that describes the title to reflect a year in the growth of a child named Marili in sober nearby. The novel The wall, which was published in 1963 and 2012 into a film, is probably Haushofer's most important work. The world described herein of an isolated life in the forest, which arose in the disaster idyll was, but forget despite the early acclaimed qualities as well as all other works of the author. Only the children's books made thereof one for the reception, however insignificant exception. Only women's movement and women's literature research identified then gradually the importance of time and again with the role of women in the male-dominated society apart translated work and so allowed a re- reception.
On March 21, 1970, was diagnosed with bone cancer poet died after an operation in Vienna at the age of 49 years. After the cremation on March 26 at the fire hall Vienna - Simmering the urn at the Steyr Tabor Cemetery was buried.
Awards and honors
Every two years, the award named after her Marlen Haushofer Literature Prize Steyr.
- The fifth year. Amendment. Publisher fountain, Vienna 1952
- A handful of life. Novel. Zsolnay, Vienna 1955, ISBN 3-423-13275-2
- The Vergißmeinnichtquelle. Narratives. Bergland, Vienna 1956
- The concealed door. Novel. Zsolnay, Vienna 1957; German Taschenbuch Verlag, Munich 1991, ISBN 3-423-11361-8
- We kill Stella. Narrative. Vienna 1958
- The wall. Novel. Poppy, Gütersloh and Vienna 1963; Claassen, Dusseldorf, 1968; Ullstein Verlag, Frankfurt am Main / Berlin / Vienna 1985 ISBN 3- 548-30169 - X; Klett, Stuttgart 1986 ISBN 3-12-351960-0; German Taschenbuch Verlag, Munich 1991
- Bartl adventure. Forum, Vienna, 1964; Claassen, Dusseldorf, 1988, German Taschenbuch Verlag, Munich 1990; Ullsteinhaus, Munich 2002, ISBN 3-548-60156-1
- Be good is hard. Children's book. Youth and Community, Vienna 1965; G and G, Vienna 2003, ISBN 3-7074-0162-6
- Sky, which ends nowhere. Novel. Poppy, Gütersloh 1966; Claassen, Dusseldorf, 1969; Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 1986
- Life sentence. Narratives. Stiasny, Graz 1966
- When animals need to stay outside? YA. Youth and Community, Vienna 1967; German Taschenbuch Verlag, Munich 1993
- Horrible loyalty. Narratives. Claassen, Dusseldorf 1968, German Taschenbuch Verlag, Munich 1990
- Where to put the dachshund? YA. Zsolnay, Vienna 1968; G and G, Vienna 2004, ISBN 3-7074-0163-4
- The attic. Novel. Claassen, Dusseldorf, 1969; Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 1990, ISBN 3-596-25459-0; German Taschenbuch Verlag, Munich 1999, ISBN 3-423-12598-5
- Be bad is no fun. Children's book. Youth and Community, Vienna 1970; G and G, Vienna 2003, ISBN 3-7074-0162-6
- Encounter with the stranger. Collected stories I. Claassen, Dusseldorf 1985; Claassen, Hildesheim, 1985, ISBN 3-546-44189-3; German Taschenbuch Verlag, Munich 1990
- The woman with the interesting dreams. Narratives. German Taschenbuch Verlag, Munich 1990
- Marlen Haushofer: The survivors. Unpublished texts from the estate. Essays on the work. ; hg. v. Christine Schmidjell, Linz ( Landesverlag ) 1991
- Be good is hard. Audiobook. edition- o, Vienna 2011, ISBN 978-3-99022-022-1
- The crossword puzzle. Red-White- Red, March 12, 1953
- The survivors. Radio Bremen, June 20, 1958
- A Midnight Game. WDR, December 27, 1984
- The Aquarius. WDR / ORF, May 16, 1999
Adaptation of the novel The Wall
On February 12, 2012, the premiere of the film took place at the wall of the 62nd Berlinale in Berlin. The main role was played by Martina Gedeck, directed by Julian Pölsler.