Merlo (Buenos Aires)

- 34.665278 - 58.7275Koordinaten: 34 ° 40 ' S, 58 ° 44 ' W

Merlo is the capital of the partidos in Buenos Aires. It has about 244,000 inhabitants ( INDEC, 2001 ).

The city was founded on August 28, 1755 by the named Francisco de Merlo and 1859 built by Juan Dillon again. Merlo is now divided in the center around the train station, which is also residential area for the middle class, and the barrios of the lower stratum of the population along the Rio Reconquista. The administrative and business center is located on the Avenida del Libertador General San Martín. It reaches about seven blocks from the station to the historic district and is characterized by trees and low buildings.


The town was first called Villa San Antonio del Camino and was a cluster of houses around the Estancia of the Spaniard Francisco de Merlo, about 35 km from Buenos Aires, on the road to Lima. Merlo offered to anyone who was willing to settle in the new city, vacant land on. 24 families with a total of 111 members participated in this offer. After Merlos death on April 4, 1758 the country was divided between the heirs and sold to various private investors. 1776 a church hospice for the poor of the region was built, but around 1810 the place was forgotten, as no more important road ran past and already years before the church was moved to Morón. Middle of the century it was the place up again, as the planned railway line should lead to Moreno on Merlo. The land required for this purpose was Manuela Calderón de Pearson, whose son Juan Dillon, saw a chance to make money with the sale of the land. 1859 Dillon commissioned the architect and engineer Pedro Benoit with the design of a new, created in the checkerboard pattern city, including a city hall, wide streets, a school and a church. On August 11, 1859, the station was opened, now the oldest building in town.

Sons and daughters of the town

  • Pablo Brandán ( b. 1983 ), football player
  • Marcelo Daniel Gallardo (born 1976 ), football player
  • Víctor Mercante (1870-1934), educator and writer