Greater Buenos Aires
Gran Buenos Aires ( GBA abbreviated ) is the name of the metropolitan area of Buenos Aires, the capital of Argentina. It runs about 100 km along the banks of the Río de la Plata along with a maximum width of 40 km.
Depending on the definition, the region from 11.5 to 13 million inhabitants. This makes it one of the largest metropolitan areas of Latin America (currently rank 4 behind Mexico City, São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro about the same size ). Closing the extended catchment area a, the Gran Buenos Aires comes in 3rd place before the metropolitan area of Rio de Janeiro. About 30% of the country's population live in this metropolitan area.
Despite the high population and population density of the region is plagued unlike other mega-cities not of overpopulation and related infrastructure problems, as their population increases only slowly and overall tends to deconcentration and sprawl, partly also to the urban flight. Negative result of this development, however, is a very high consumption of landscape and the rapid urbanization of fertile, previously unused by agriculture areas. Which attempts to counteract by increased investment by green areas and nature reserves.
- 3.1 surroundings of Buenos Aires
- 3.2 conurbation La Plata
Expansion and population
According to the Argentine statistics office INDEC is the Gran Buenos Aires from the urban area itself, called Capital Federal or Federal District, as well as from 24 Partidos of Buenos Aires province. The Partidos are similar to counties, but they have in the province of Buenos Aires, only a single community, and are therefore often referred to as a city, even if they are divided into several villages.
The area - marked in blue in the upper card - has an area of 3,880 square kilometers. From this area, about 65 % are cultivated throughout, with the rest to a large extent on the islands of the delta of the Paraná, belonging to the Partido San Fernando, as well as agricultural areas of the outer partidos.
The population is made up of 2,776,138 of Buenos Aires itself and the 8,664,297 of the Partidos together and thus amounts to 11,440,435 ( data from the last census 2001). The population density is 2948.5 inhabitants per square kilometer.
The Gran Buenos Aires is divided into 24 partidos, another 9 Partidos you count the extended metropolitan area, the Aglomerado Metropolitano Buenos Aires ( AMBA ) or Aglomerado Metropolitano Gran Buenos Aires ( AMGBA ). Moreover the Partido Cañuelas in which a small part is part of the agglomeration.
- ( 1) Almirante Brown and Presidente Perón made until 1993, a common Partido Almirante Brown.
- ( 2) regions which are not part of Buenos Aires, but for the AMBA.
- ( 3) Esteban Echeverría and Ezeiza formed until 1994 Esteban Echeverría Partido a joint.
- ( 4) Morón, Hurlingham and Ituzaingó formed until 1994, a common Morón Partido.
- ( 5) San Miguel, José C. Paz and Malvinas Argentinas formed until 1994, a common Partido General Sarmiento.
- According to INDEC (6 ) From La Plata is one of only a small part of the Gran Buenos Aires. Often, however, the entire metropolitan area in a higher-level agglomeration called Buenos Aires is - La Plata with a total of approximately 13.5 million inhabitants included, which also includes the Partidos Berisso and Ensenada belong.
- ( 7) The city is considering Temperley, soon to secede from Lomas de Zamora.
- ( 8) Only the urban areas are not part of Buenos Aires, the islands of the delta.
- (9 ) Vicente López is the only Partido of Buenos Aires at the same time a single city, which is divided not in towns, but in barrios (districts ). Nevertheless, the seat of administration is given as Olivos.
According to zones
The Gran Buenos Aires is divided into the zones Norte Sur Oeste and depending on the position of the partidos. The metropolitan area of Buenos Aires remains on the sidelines.
Referred to as Zona Norte area occupies the north-west of the conurbation. It has 1,412,947 inhabitants, around 1.56% per decade increase in the average (mean 1991-2001 ).
The area is considered the most prosperous of the conurbation. In particular, the Partido of San Isidro, the city is also one of the oldest suburbs of Buenos Aires, has a variety of residential areas, some of them designed as gated communities. Paradoxically, there is also the largest slums of the metropolitan area, known as Villa La Cava (approx. 20,000 inhabitants) in the Partido.
The Partidos Tigre and San Fernando are popular recreation areas; in them lie the islands of the delta front of the Río Paraná. The opened in 1996 tourist Tren de la Costa runs from the affluent middle class neighborhood Olivos, where there is also the residence of the President ( quinta presidencial ) is, on the Río de la Plata along through the whole territory. To the west of the Partidos Tigre contrast is the important industrial city of General Pacheco, known especially for their automobile factories (Ford, Volkswagen, Renault).
The following Partidos integrate the Zona Norte: San Fernando, San Isidro, San Martín, Tigre and Vicente López.
The Zona Oeste is located in the west of the conurbation. It has 3,852,164 inhabitants and a growth of 12.4 % per decade. In it are a large part of the poorer quarters and slums, especially in the outskirts of Merlo and Moreno. Noteworthy is the reservoir Ingeniero Roggero, the dammed the tributaries of the Río de la Reconquista. The Río de la Reconquista itself is the most important river of the area. However, he is heavily contaminated, also because there is the largest landfill in the conurbation on its banks.
The following Partidos integrate the Zona Oeste: Hurlingham, Ituzaingó, José C. Paz, La Matanza, Malvinas Argentinas, Merlo, Moreno, Morón, San Miguel and Tres de Febrero.
The Zona Sur occupies the south and east of the conurbation. It has 3,399,186 inhabitants, with 9.1 percent growth per decade. The area is the industrial center of Buenos Aires: Heavy industry is concentrated around the Partidos Avellaneda and Lanús, particularly in the area of the river Riachuelo, which thus is the most polluted of the agglomeration.
The International Airport Aeropuerto Ministro Pistarini, the most important of the country, located in the outskirts of this region near the town of Ezeiza, which is why he is known as Aeropuerto de Ezeiza and carries the IATA code EZE.
In the southeast of the area is the largest park of the agglomeration, the Parque Pereyra Iraola, on the border with the province capital, La Plata.
GBA 1 and GBA 2
Another classification divides the metropolitan area into an inner ring (GBA 1) and an outer ring (GBA 2).
GBA 1 consists of the inner 10 partidos and has 3,318,314 inhabitants. This is often to wealthier suburbs with a stable or slightly decreasing population ( -1.5 % loss per decade )
GBA 2 consists of the remaining 14 partidos and has 5,345,983 inhabitants. These areas are characterized by a mixture ärmlicheren neighborhoods with low base prices and on the other side luxurious gated communities such as country clubs. You have an increased population growth ( 17.5 % per decade ).
Extended Metropolitan Area ( AMBA )
Around the real Buenos Aires, there are other places that are included as well in some statistics for metropolitan area of the city. These are cities and areas with a very high population growth, but a relatively low population density. All areas together are officially designated by the term Area Metropolitana de Buenos Aires ( AMBA ), which means roughly metropolitan Buenos Aires. A commonly used synonym is also conurbano de Buenos Aires, but this term includes, in contrast to the AMBA city of Buenos Aires itself is not one.
If all areas together, the result is a population of the entire metropolitan area of 12,734,562 inhabitants on an area of 7241 square kilometers. This means a population density of 1758.7 inhabitants per square kilometer.
Surroundings of Buenos Aires
This area is centered around the suburbs of Buenos Aires. It has an area of 2199 square kilometers, population 602,874, a population density of 274.2 inhabitants per square kilometer and a growth of 51.83 per cent per decade.
In particular, the northern part of this area is currently the Hauptbaustandort for gated communities and country clubs. On the other hand there are also many " villas miserias " ( shanty towns ) in this area. The two most populous partidos, Pilar and Belén de Escobar also some industry, otherwise it is almost pure " dormitory towns ".
The following Partidos are included: Escobar in the north, General Rodríguez in the West, Presidente Perón in the West, Marcos Paz in the northwest, Pilar and San Vicente in the northwest to the southwest.
Province of La Plata
The metropolitan area of the capital of the province of Buenos Aires, La Plata, is also located in the outskirts of the state capital and is therefore numbered among its extended metropolitan area. Overall, the region has an area of 1162 square kilometers, population 694,253, a population density of 597.4 people per square kilometer and a growth rate of eight percent per decade.
While the city of La Plata is aligned administrative- commercially, the suburbs Berisso and Ensenada are important sites of the industry, including above all the refinery of oil company Repsol YPF mentioned. This is associated with a high air and water pollution.
Between Ensenada and Berazategui (see above) is the only major nature reserve in the conurbation. It protects the so-called selva marginal, the gallery forest on the Rio de la Plata, which is otherwise almost completely deforested.
The following Partidos integrate the metropolitan area of La Plata La Plata itself, as well Berisso ( east ) and Ensenada (northwest ), both located directly on the Rio de la Plata.
More catchment area
Even in a radius of about 100 km around Buenos Aires, the population density is much higher than in the rest of the province, one can therefore speak of an extended catchment area.
Important places in this area, ordered by the compass, are:
- In the North: Zárate and Campana, two closely adjacent industrial cities about 75 kilometers northwest of the city with a total of 164 524 inhabitants. They are influenced by the metal industry. In Zárate is the bridge Zárate - Brazo Largo Complejo, one of the few road connections between the provinces of Buenos Aires and Entre Ríos, and slightly north of the largest nuclear power plant in Argentina Atucha (two reactors). Furthermore is located 80 km north-west the industrial city of 85 487 inhabitants with Pergamino, and the smaller places Capilla del Señor and San Antonio de Areco, the latter a popular tourist destination because of its gaucho festival.
- In the West: The largest city in this region is the well-known pilgrimage and tourist town of Luján ( 67 266 inhabitants, 60 km from Buenos Aires ). Other important centers are Mercedes ( 51 967 inhabitants), General Las Heras, Lobos, Navarro and San Andrés de Giles.
- In the South: The city Cañuelas ( 24,380 inhabitants), 60 km south-west of Buenos Aires, is currently growing at a further residential suburb of the capital. The same is true for the smaller Brandsen ( 18,000 inhabitants). San Miguel del Monte ( 15,000 inhabitants, 100 km southwest) is a popular recreation area with a lake, the Laguna Monte.
- In the east: 40 km behind La Plata, 100 kilometers from Buenos Aires, is the old town Magdalena (20,000 inhabitants), which is dominated by agriculture. A large part of this area at the mouth of the Río de la Plata in the Atlantic is today recognized as a biosphere reserve.