Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant
Active reactors ( gross ):
Reactors under construction ( gross ):
The nuclear power plant Mochovce ( slovak: Atómové elektrárne Mochovce, short EMO ) is a Slovak nuclear power plant. It is located on the site of the village Mochovce (now a part of the municipality of Kalná nad Hronom ) between the towns of Nitra and Levice, in Okres Levice, 120 km from Bratislava.
About the construction of the power plant has been decided by the Government of Czechoslovakia in 1978, the preparatory work began in 1981 and the actual construction began in 1984.
Units 1 and 2
Units 1 and 2 each have an installed capacity of 470 MW. The Soviet-designed reactors were equipped with Western control and monitoring systems. There are pressurized water reactors from the Soviet type WWER-440/213 used. As usual with this type, they are built as a twin plant. After 1990, the work had to be temporarily stopped due to financial shortcomings. Brought on line the first two blocks 1998 and 2000.
In 2008 was granted after an upgrade of the approval, Units 1 and 2 to operate Mochovce with the power of 107%, which corresponds to approximately 466.4 MW, since the shutdown of the first block in the nuclear power plant Bohunice V1 in 2006 has led to a loss of capacity in the Slovak electricity grid.
Units 3 and 4
Resumption of construction
Work on Units 3 and 4 were set in the 1990s for lack of money. The semi-finished plants were preserved. On 15 July 2007 the European Commission issued the opinion on the completion of Units 3 and 4 of the nuclear power plant. The Commission criticized again the lack of full pressure containment. The European Commission announced in 2008 that the interpretation of Mochovce 3 and 4 corresponds to aircraft impact for good practice. After that time planning the completion of blocks 3 and 4 should cost about 2.78 billion euros. 2013 construction costs of 3.8 billion euros have already been expected. The owners have decided to increase in appropriations initially only 260 million euro on 31 July 2013.
The new Italian Enel majority owner of the Slovak energy group SE ( Slovenské Elektrárne as) took the construction work on 3 November 2008 to the blocks 3 and 4 again. Since 11 June 2009, the reactors 3 and 4 were again officially under construction. According to the schedule, that in December 2012, Block 3, in the first half of 2013 also block 4 should be connected to the grid. In early 2012 these dates were first moved to the end of 2013 or mid-2014. In December 2012, the completion of the blocks has been postponed again, to the end of 2014 (block 3) and mid- 2015. Early 2013 ENEL has been assumed that the two blocks will not come into operation by 2017. On August 21, 2013, the Slovak Supreme Court annulled the permit for the construction of the third and fourth reactor, so that the construction work must be stopped immediately. Before a further construction, a new approval process must be performed.
The Slovak Supreme Court has not specifically a construction freeze has, the State Nuclear Regulatory UJD issued an still on August 21, 2013, which excludes a construction freeze, which would be legally possible when " serious damage would be dealt to the public interest " by a construction freeze. The court had the building permit by the UJD explained in the decision published on August 21, for illegal, since the prescribed public participation was not carried out.
The politician Eva Glawischnig ( Green ) dedicated her thesis at the Karl- Franzens University in Graz the problem of border nuclear power plant and put that knowledge in a lawsuit against the in Austria since its establishment controversial nuclear power plant Mochovce to enjoin the hazards caused by radioactive emissions also equal in which to act. While the district court in Vienna Hernals the private prosecution against the power plant operator Slovenské Elektrárne as upheld, failed its action on appeal before the Regional Court for Civil Matters Vienna in July 2005, " because safety deficiencies not specifically detectable" are.