Visiting marriage referred to in the ethnosociology a form of marriage in which the partners do not pull together after their marriage, but live apart stay and visit only occasionally, usually the husband comes over night to wife. This conjugal living sequence in which both spouses remain in their own residence or that of their family is called nato locally ( Latin for " in the place of birth" ) or as duolokal ( " in two places ").
Nowadays, visiting marriage is attested as a common relationship and marriage form the Chinese people of the Mosuo, where it is called tisese ( " back and go back," English walking marriage ). Occasionally, they are also found in other ethnic groups and indigenous peoples which derive their descent and inheritance after maternal line ( matrilineal ), so with the Khasi in Northeast India and neighboring Jaintia ( Synteng ). In patrilineal people of the Nuer in the African Sudan is common during the first two years of marriage.
The nato local residential consequence of both spouses in the relevant place of their birth and the accompanying visiting marriage took place and is found predominantly in matriarchal peoples ( 160 of 1300 worldwide ethnicities ). In these societies, children grow up with their mother and her family, on whose land they are hedged (see Matrifokalität ). The father contributes to varying extent for their maintenance at, but often takes on the social paternity of the children of his own sister and is responsible for their care (called an Avunkulat ). If the wife does not take to her husband, but that retains its tasks in his family of origin, there is the separate living arrangements.
The German anthropologist Wilhelm Schmidt in 1952 presented the thesis that visiting marriage is a " still older form of matriarchy ".
Among the matrilineal peoples, where visiting seeing nato local residential consequences were formerly common in South India include the Nayar, and to the north of Japan, the Ainu. In the Minangkabau on the Indonesian island of Sumatra, there used to a certain " migration readiness " of men: They held during the day in the men's clubhouse, at night they had a place to sleep in the house of her wife. In the 17th century described the Dutch colonialists visiting marriage. Than usual form at the Siraya, an indigenous people of Taiwan An earlier form of visiting marriage has been found in North America with the Navaho and the Iroquois, it they should also have been among the Hopi Indians (see Clan Mother ). Currently there are visit See in North East India in the Khasi and Jaintia the adjacent ( Synteng ), as well as the Chinese people of the Mosuo.
A "temporary visiting marriage " is also found in peoples and ethnicities that define their inheritance of the fathers line ( patrilineal ). For them, nato local residential long-term consequence is practiced rarely, usually only as a transitional period until the couple contracts permanently, as in the African Sudan to the Nuer. On the southwest coast of Japan it was used as intermediate phase until the woman moved permanently to her husband; Today they found there only rarely. In many ethnic peoples in southern China and sometimes also during the Han Chinese, the first woman returned after the wedding back to her own family and her husband visited only temporarily; until their pregnancy or after the birth of her first child, she moved to her husband.
Some Islamic countries allow limited " temporary marriage " (mut ʿ a) between 1 hour and 99 years, with the husband assumes no obligation regarding child support and housing for the wife and both remain mostly at their own place of residence.