Museum of London
The Museum of London documents the development of London from its origins to today. It is located on the edge of the City of London, a short walk north of St Paul's Cathedral. The museum can be visited free of charge and includes several chronological galleries containing original artefacts, models, paintings and diagrams. The focus is on the social and economic history and the development of urban space. Among the most valuable exhibits include the state coach of the Lord Mayor.
Originally there were in London two museums where London's history was shown. On one hand, the collection of the City Corporotion in the Guildhall Museum and the London Museum at Kensington Palace. In 1965 it was decided with the " Museum of London " law merging the two collections.
1976 years later, the new museum was opened as part of the Barbican Estate, the Corporation of London. The architects of the building were Philip Powell and Hidalgo Moya. The architectural team took a new approach to planning by so ruled the various exhibition spaces, that there is only one route through the exhibition, which takes the visitor from the prehistoric period to modern times.
The original exhibition rooms consisted of 4 epochs.
- The prehistoric London ( 450,000 BC - 50 AD )
- The Roman London (50 AD - 410)
- The Medieval London (410-1588)
- War, plague and fire (1550-1660)
With the expansion of the museum, which was opened in May 2010, were added the following rooms:
- The growing city (1660 - 1850)
- The city of the People (1850-1940)
- The metropolis (1950 - present)
Immediately outside the Museum of London Wall fragments have been preserved, the old city walls of London. The Museum of London is responsible for archaeological rescue excavations in the City.
The Museum of London is the owner of the greater part of the Cheapside Hoard, a hoard of 1912. It includes about 600 pieces of jewelry and gems, mostly worked in the 17th century. An exhibition in April 2014 brings together for the first time since the discovery of the gems all parts of the treasure.
Museum of London Docklands
In summer 2003, the Museum of London Docklands as a branch of the Museum of London was opened in a warehouse from the 19th century near Canary Wharf. In this exhibition will address the particular importance of the port of London. The development of the port of a Roman trading post is shown 2000 years ago to redesign the harbor area in recent years.