N'Quatqua First Nation
The N'Quatqua First Nation or N'quatqua nation, including Anderson Lake Indian Band or First Nation called Anderson Lake, is one of the more than 600 First Nations in Canada. It belongs to the St'at'imc in southern British Columbia near D' Arcy.
1996 were only 155 people to the tribe in 2001 already 170, expected in November 2009, the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, which is responsible for Indian affairs in Canada, 304 people to the N'Quatqua. Of these, 164 lived on the reserve, 41 in other reserves, 99 outside the reserves.
Tribal councils ( tribal councils )
In contrast to the other groups of St'at'imc the N'Quatqua, as well as the In - Shuck -ch, not the Lillooet Tribal Council at, the largest regional tribal representation belong. They belong instead to the Lower Stl'atl'imx Tribal Council.
The two lakes in the region, Seton and Anderson Lake go back to a larger lake, which was divided by a landslide. This was part of the collapse of up to 2,900 m high Cayoosh Range years ago at least 8000. If at that time people have lived here, so no traces remained of them, as the devastating tsunami completely changed the landscape.
Chief Hunter Jack (possibly Tash Poli ) finished, follow the oral tradition of the Lilwat, a long war with the Chilcotin, which he learned their language. He also controlled the passage routes to the west located at the Fraser River gold fields. He maintained good relations with the Hudson 's Bay Company. He was succeeded by his son Thomas as Jack Hyas tyee (a kind of paramount chief ).
Before the reserve was established in 1858, were N'Quatqua and Tsalalh as separate from the Lillooet group, which was called Lake Lillooet or Lexalexamux, and to which as another group came Skimka'imx who lived near Lillooet. In the course of the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush Port Anderson was founded to improve the connection to the gold camps on the Fraser River on the Lakes Route. According to the head of this expansion, Alexander Caulfield Anderson, the lake was renamed. Thousands of prospectors flocked to the province, which felt the Native American groups at the upper Fraser, because the salmon, of which depended their lives, often reaching no more the upper river. In addition, the hunting and fishing rights were severely restricted, limited the Indians on their reservations and sold the rest of the country or given to railway companies.
On 10 May 1911, the anthropologist James Teit the Declaration of the Lillooet Tribe drew on, with the tribe fought against the expropriation of its territories. The Lillooet are not part of the negotiation process, with the province of British Columbia is trying to come up with the 200 strains to contractual agreements. The N'Quatqua however, broke away from this Tribal Council to allow further negotiations.
In 1999, the Land Management contracted by the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development on 14 tribes, among them the N'Quatqua.
From April 24 to June 24, 2006 N'quatqua blocked a road at D' Arcy to stop trucks. This was to loggers who wanted to cut down 85 hectares of forest (old growth). At the same time the tribe sued the two main causes of forest destruction in their field, the company CRB Logging and Ainsworth Lumber.
The N'Quatqua entertain the Red Barn campground, an extended camping on the 22 km long Anderson Lake.
Of the reserves, which is the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development lists Anderson Lake 5 with 594.6 ha by far the largest. With 177 ha follows Nequatque 1, practically the village N'Quatqua corresponds to the mouth of the Gates River in the Anderson Lake. There are also four other reserves ( Nequatque 2, 3, 3a and 4 ), which include 7.1 ha, 8.1 ha, 9.5 ha and 8. They are located on the eastern shore of the Gates River 3 km from Anderson Lake removed Devine ( 2), on the west bank of the river about 3 or 4 km from Anderson Lake removed at the same location (3 and 3a) and on the east bank of the river, 10 km from the lake.