National Democratic Party of Germany (East Germany)

The National Democratic Party of Germany ( NDPD ) was a block party in the GDR. It was founded in the Soviet occupation zone in 1948 and supported the policy of the SED. In 1990, she went on in the all-German FDP.


The Soviet Military Administration in Germany (SMAD ) left in the summer of 1945 to four parties, the KPD, the SPD, the CDU and LDP. The SPD was forcibly united in April 1946 with the Communist Party to the SED. In the 1946 elections, the CDU and LDP performed well; therefore the SED tried to prepare artificial competition these parties. To this end she founded in April 1948 a peasant party (DBD ) and on 25 May 1948, the National Democratic Party of Germany. On this day, the chairman of the founding committee met; which was later set as the date of establishment.

Stalin remarked in March 1948 that it was time to " pick up the dividing line between former Nazis and non- Nazis." Already on February 26, 1948 ended the SMAD Order No. 35 denazification in the Soviet zone; thus were " not loaded " NSDAP members the opportunity " to secure the unity and democratic development of Germany to cooperate honestly ." On March 22, 1948 was first published in the new National-Zeitung, the subsequent press organ (central body) of NDPD.

In addition to old NSDAP members and former officers and displaced persons should be captured by the new party. The SED Management Board discussed at its meeting in May 1948, " this politically ambiguous people " should not give " the voting cattle " for the bourgeois parties, the CDU and LDP in the next election.

First Chairman of the NDPD was Lothar Bolz, since 1928 member of the KPD and later employee at the National Committee for a Free Germany in the Soviet Union. The party came in September 1948 when the Democratic Bloc. Klaus Schroeder According to the SED significantly more former NSDAP members were involved than in the NDPD.

Work in the SED state

In its party program NDPD called inter alia for the promotion of SMEs, the integration of former career civil servant, an end to discrimination of small NSDAP members and officers of the Wehrmacht, a complete land reform and the expropriation of the corporations. The national conservative members of the middle class and returnees from captivity represented the overwhelming majority of the members. The NDPD was organized after the pattern of the SED and the principle of democratic centralism. Supreme body together was the passing in five -year intervals Party Congress, which chose a Main Committee. A secretariat did the current business.

The NDPD sent 52 deputies to the People's Chamber and presented as an alternate of the Chairperson of the Ministerial Council and the Chairman of the State Council of the GDR.

According to the company NDPD had the following membership:

Chairman were:

Turning Point 1989/90

On 7 December 1989, the party stepped out of the " Democratic Bloc " from. The party was involved with three representatives at the round table.

At the 14th Party Congress on 20-21. January 1990 Wolfgang Glaeser was elected with 32 percent voting against the chairman; he represented in his closing remarks, a strong reform-oriented point of view. Executives and parts of the membership distanced themselves of it, and Glaeser resigned two days later. At the party on 11 February 1990 Wolfgang Raul was elected as the new Chairman of the party.

The NDPD received in the free parliamentary elections of March 18, 1990 only 0.39% of the votes and two seats. She joined the campaign for a social market economy, a phased plan for German unity on an economic and monetary union and the accession of the GDR to the European Community ( EC), a.

A proposed by the choice NDPD network of national and liberal parties in the GDR was rejected by the federal government in the Free Democrats merged parties. In response, the NDPD also joined the Alliance of Free Democrats and went with him on August 12, 1990 in the Free Democratic Party ( FDP) on.

One is NDPD Calling Neu-/Wiedergründung joined the party in the municipal elections in 1999, Mansfeld and there reached 0.1 % of the vote.