National Human Genome Research Institute
Creation and development
The NHGRI had originally the name National Center for Human Genome Research ( NCHGR ), which was founded in 1989 to represent the NIH Human Genome Project (HGP ). The HGP was developed along with the United States Department of Energy (DOE), in order to sequence the entire human genome, and to map; It officially began in 1990.
1993 extended the NCHGR his area with the establishment of the Division of Intramural Research ( DIR). The object of the DIR was to apply new methods and findings of genome technology to the study of certain diseases. 1996 saw the establishment of the Center for Inherited Disease Research (CIDR ) for research into the genetic causes of complex diseases; financially, CIDR was supported by eight NIH institutes.
Renaming and independence
1997 renamed the United States Department of Health and Human Services in the NCHGR National Human Genome Research Institute to and thereby made it officially one of the 27 independent research institutes that make up the NIH is.
Since the completion of the sequencing of the human genome in April 2003, the NHGRI conducts more of its own and joint projects for genetics and presents the results of these studies in databases worldwide ready available.