Grielum humifusum in Namaqualand, Goegap Nature Reserve, Northern Cape, South Africa

The Neuradaceae are a small plant family in the order of Malvenartigen ( Malvales ). This family now includes three genera with about ten species. The types have their areas in drylands ( arid ) of Africa and the Mediterranean to India ( Holarctic and Paläotropis ).


There are mostly low, annual, rarely perennial herbaceous plants ( to subshrubs ). They are hairy. The alternate arranged leaves are divided or simply deep. If they are not divided, they have a serrated or toothed margin. Stipules absent.

The large, solitary, hermaphrodite, five petals are radial symmetry. There are five free sepals and petals present. In two circles are five free, fertile stamens. Ten carpels are partially fused into a more or less inferior ovary, with (three to ) six to ten pencils and scars (there are more or less free Stylodien ). They are seeded follicles ( or capsule fruits), which are formed at Neurada procumbens as Trampelkletten.


A synonym is Grielaceae Martynov. This family contains three genera with about ten species:

  • Grielum L.: With about five species in southern Africa: Grielum flagelliforme E.Mey.
  • Grielum grandiflorum L. (syn.: G. tenuifolium L.): Is located in the Capensis.
  • Grielum humifusum Thunb.
  • Grielum marlothii Engl
  • Grielum obtusifolium E.Mey. ex Harv.
  • Neurada procumbens L.; it is found in Africa, Arabia, West Asia and South Asia
  • Neuradopsis austroafricana ( Schinz ) Bremek. & Oberm.
  • Neuradopsis bechuanensis Bremek. & Oberm.
  • Neuradopsis grieloidea Bremek. & Oberm.


  • Description of the family of Neuradaceae in APWebsite (English )
  • Description of the family of Neuradaceae at DELTA. (English )
  • David John Mabberley: Mabberley 's Plant -Book. A portable dictionary of plants, Their classification and uses '. 3rd ed Cambridge University Press, 2008. ISBN 978-0-521-82071-4