Nikolai Rubinstein

Nikolai Grigoryevich Rubinstein (Russian Николай Григорьевич Рубинштейн, scientific transliteration Nikolai Rubinstein Grigor'evič; * 2 Junijul / June 14 1835greg in Moscow, .. .. † 11 Märzjul / March 23 1881greg in Paris) was a Russian pianist, conductor, music educator and composer.

He is the brother of the composer, pianist and conductor Anton Rubinstein.


Rubinstein was already four years of piano lessons. First with his mother Kalerija Christoforowna (born Lowenstein; 1807-1891 ), the teacher was at an imperial education institution and even an excellent pianist, and later with Franz Xaver Gebel and Alexander Villoing, the then prestigious Moscow piano teacher. Together with his mother and Villoing both brothers lived from 1844 in Berlin, where she studied together for three years piano with Theodor Kullak and music theory with Siegfried Dehn. The bankruptcy and impending death of his father (1807-1847) plunged the family from 1846 in economic difficulty and forced the eleven Rubinstein premature return to Moscow. He first appeared as a successful young pianist but studied for livelihood, 1851-1855 Law at the University of Moscow.

After a failed marriage, which was concluded under the condition of appearance prohibition, ruby ​​stone came from 1857 regularly, especially with benefit concerts, as a pianist and established itself as a conductor. His contacts with the Moscow upper class as well as his organizational and diplomatic skills enabled him to support the projects of his brother for the improvement of Russian musical life: 1860 founded Rubinstein, the Moscow branch of the Russian Musical Society (RMO ) for which he served as president, conductor and choirmaster. In 1866 he became head of the newly opened Moscow Conservatory with Prince Nikolai Petrovitch Troubetzkoy, for which he was influential teachers such as Karl Klindworth and Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, with whom he was friends win. Until his untimely death in 1881 remained Rubinstein joined this institution as a lecturer and conductor.


Like his brother Anton was one of Nikolay Rubinstein of the most important pianists of his time. Since his work was largely confined to the Moscow area, less him international recognition was given. However, it already held the early teacher Siegfried Dehn be the more talented of the two brothers - what Anton ungrudgingly recognized - especially Nikolais piano technique and its interpretative memory were obviously reliable and art fell to him almost without effort and practice. As a demanding teacher, as well as virtuoso pianist sensitive, dedicated chamber musician and factual conductor he laid emphasis on the musical quality of the compositions listed and proved to be a great talent for organization. His use of the orchestra leadership made ​​him the founding father of the conductor Moscow school, and as a performer and central figure of the Moscow musical life, he became deeply for Russian composers - even for his brother critically confronting members of the Balakirev circle. As a composer, he worked only until the early 1860s.

Among his students Sergei Taneyev, Alexander Siloti and Emil von Sauer. Rubinstein composed incidental music and many works for piano.