Ob-Ugric languages

The Ob-Ugric languages ​​are a subgroup of the Ugric languages ​​, consisting of the Khanty and the Mansischen. They are spoken by parts of the peoples of the Khanty and Mansi in Russia.


The Ob-Ugric languages ​​belong to the Uralic languages ​​and are within that a sub-group of the Finno -Ugric languages. They are related to the Hungarian language and form with this branch of the Ugric languages ​​, within the Finno-Ugric language family. The Ob-Ugric languages ​​are divided into two individual languages ​​, the language tables Chan (formerly Ostyak ) and the Mansische language (formerly Wogulisch ). Khanty and Mansi are in turn divided into numerous dialects.

Distribution and number of speakers

Both Khanty and Mansi are spoken in western Siberia by the peoples of the Khanty and Mansi. The distribution of languages ​​here lies mainly on the Ob River and its tributaries in the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous District, Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District and the Tyumen Oblast. Today only a small part of the approximately 28,000 Khanty and Mansi 11,000 speak the Khanty or mansische language. According to the Russian census of 2002 said to the time of the census 13,568 people Khanty and Mansi 2746. So there are both languages ​​to the endangered languages.

Until the 20th century there was no written form of the Ob-Ugric languages. In 1937, modified versions of the Cyrillic alphabet was introduced.