57.6569Koordinaten: 57 ° 39 'N, 69 ° 0' O
The Tyumen Oblast (Russian Тюменская область / Tjumenskaja oblast ) is an oblast in Russia. To Tyumen Oblast administrative belong also the autonomous districts of the Khanty -Mansi / Yugra and Yamal -Nenets, but form the independent federal subjects.
The Oblast in the narrower sense is in the south of the West Siberian Plain and is bordered to the north by the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous District, on the east by the Omsk Oblast in the southeast of Kazakhstan and to the west by the Oblast Kurgan and Sverdlovsk Oblast. The main rivers are the Irtysh and Tobol and Ishim its tributaries.
The oblast has without the autonomous districts of the Khanty-Mansi and Yamal-Nenets an area of 159,870 km ² and about 1.3 million inhabitants, with the Autonomous circles almost 3.4 million residents to 1,378,319 km ².
The history of Russian colonization began in the late 16th century. The city of Tobolsk was for a time even the capital of Siberia. On 14 August 1944, the Tyumen Oblast has been separated from the Omsk Oblast.
The main industries are the petrochemical industry, the wood processing and mechanical engineering. Because of the wealth in the oil and natural gas, the area is one of the richest in Russia. Inclusion of the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous circles / Yugra and Yamal-Nenets the Tyumen Oblast has the highest regional GDP per head of population in all areas in Russia. Broken down by federal subjects, the actual Tyumen Oblast is true for this parameter in the front of the field, but are surpassed by the two autonomous counties, especially the Khanty -Mansi several times.
Administrative divisions and largest towns
The Tyumen Oblast is divided into 22 Rajons and five urban districts. The city of circles formed by the five cities of the oblast; in addition to the administrative center of Tyumen and Tobolsk Ishim are the most important.
F1 map with all coordinates: OSM, Google and Bing
The previously existing five settlements of urban type were converted into rural settlements 2009. Four of them had at that time (as of 1 January 2009) over 10,000 Inhabitants: lying in the urban area Tyumen Borowski ( 16,446 ), Winsili ( 12,739 ) and Bogandinski ( 10,374 ); also Golyschmanowo ( 14,582 ).