The governor (French governor ) is the leader of a civil or military area in a geographically limited area. Previously, governors and regents tasks similar to today's governors.
The word goes back to Greek κυβερνήτης kybernetes " helmsman " ( which also Cybernetics and English cyber descended ). Among the Romans, the function was called Gubernator " helmsman ", from which eventually emerged modern words: French governor, governor english, spanish gobernador, Italian Governatore, Russian губернатор Gubernator.
The meaning of the word by a governor is thus someone who sets the direction.
Today, there are civilian governors, for example:
- In those member countries of the Commonwealth of Nations, in which the British Queen is head of state (except UK ): In these so-called Commonwealth Realms, the Queen is represented by a Governor-General, at the level of the Australian and Canadian member States by a governor
- In the British overseas territories as a representative of the British Crown
- In the provinces of the People's Republic of China, see Governor ( People's Republic of China)
- In the states of India, used as the representative head of the President
- In the modern prefectures of Japan
- In Russia as the heads of the federal subjects ( administrative units ), see Governor (Russia)
- In the provinces of Turkey
- In the Argentine provinces
- In the states of Brazil
- In the states of Mexico
- In the states and overseas territories of the United States as leaders, see Governor (United States)
- In the Angolan provinces
- In the 13 regions of Namibia
Previously, there were governors:
- In the colonies of European countries and America
- In the historical provinces of France ( before the French Revolution ) at the top of the governorates
- In the old province of Japan, see Kokushi
Military Governors are the supreme commander of a fort, a garrison, a military facility or militarily occupied territory ( country ) (see occupation, occupation zone ).
Governor is also
- The French translation for Governor
- The boss (President) of a central bank (eg Oesterreichische Nationalbank )
- The former name for male tutor in princely households