Orenburg Oblast

5255.5Koordinaten: 52 ° 0 ' N, 55 ° 30' E

The Orenburg Oblast (Russian Оренбургская область / Orenburgskaja oblast ) is a Oblast in southern Russia. From 1938 to 1957 she was named Chkalov Oblast, in memory of the homonymous Soviet pilots.

In the south of Orenburg Oblast runs a very long border with Kazakhstan. It is bordered to the west by the Samara Oblast and on the east by the Chelyabinsk Oblast. To the north and northeast is finally Bashkortostan, a small common border piece extends north to the autonomous republic of Tatarstan.

The oblast comprises the southern foothills of the Ural Mountains, the most important river is the Ural River.

The population of the region is the large majority of Russians. The region is, however, both north and south of the Republics of other peoples framed and is a part of a " Russian settlement belt" on the way to Asia dar.

Main sectors of activity are the petroleum and natural gas and the refining of petroleum.

The only major city in Orenburg Oblast in addition to itself, the mining town of Orsk in the extreme east of the oblast. Other cities are Novotroitsk, Busuluk and sol- Ilezk.


In the Orenburg Oblast Russians are mostly represented. In addition, there are larger minorities of Tatars, Kazakhs, Ukrainians and Bashkirs. By 1925, Orenburg therefore belonged within Soviet Russia to the Kazakh ASSR

In addition, still lives a small minority of Germans from Russia in the Oblast. They colonize (or settled prior to moving to Germany ) especially the border with Kazakhstan around sol- Ilezk and Rajons Krasnogwardeiski ( colony Neu Samara ), Alexandrovka and Nowosergijewka in the northwestern part of the Oblast.

Only be represented population groups with more than 3,000 people

Administrative divisions and cities

The Orenburg Oblast is divided into 35 Rajons and nine urban districts. One of the cities is the " closed city " ( SATO, with the status of an urban-type settlement ) Komarowski. There are a total of twelve Oblast cities, including in addition to the administrative center of Orenburg, Orsk as other big city, and Novotroitsk, Busuluk and Buguruslan.

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