Soviet Russia

Российская Советская Федеративная Социалистическая Республика

Until then, from the legacy of the Russian Empire no autonomous regions were created for the various nationalities. In addition to Soviet Russia, however, is the speech that was unlike Soviet Russia mostly occupied until 1920 by foreign troops or white, for example, of the Soviet Ukraine. Until the conquest by the Red Army existed from November 1917 ( Declaration of Independence end of January 1918), the Ukrainian People's Republic, before this was as part of Ukrainian SSR of the Soviet Union. From Soviet Russia also was independent from 1920 to 1922, the Far Eastern Republic.

Even after the creation of the Soviet Union, the term Soviet Russia was mainly in the west (eg English: Soviet Russia) used for a long time as a synonym for the whole Union, as the Russian, the predominant population of the USSR and the claim of the Soviet Union, a multinational state was to be not recognized. He arrived in Germany at the time of the Weimar Republic and dominated in Nazi parlance. Later used Konrad Adenauer in his speeches always the term " Soviet Russia " when he meant the Soviet Union; with the end of the Adenauer era, he finally came out of fashion and is now largely disappeared.

Confusion, there have been also with the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic ( RSFSR ), the whole Soviet Russia included 1917/18. 1919 came the Ukraine (USSR ) and Belarus ( BSSR ) was added in March 1922 Transcaucasia ( TSFSR ), which consisted of the three republics of the former Transcaucasian Federation. End of December 1922 were these four parts of Soviet Russia, the Soviet Union, as the representatives of the RSFSR, the USSR, the BSSR and the TSFSR who had gathered for I. Congress of Soviets of the USSR, the Union Treaty which was signed and adopted the Declaration on the Establishment of the USSR.

In addition, the Russian variant of Soviet Russia is also the name for

  • Sovetskaya Rossiya newspaper in the Soviet Union and Russia;
  • Sovetskaya Rossiya Soviet publishing house.

Government leaders of Soviet Russia


Party leaders

Heads of State