Autonomous okrugs of Russia
Autonomous District (Russian Автономный округ, Awtonomny okrug ) is a term for a Russian or Soviet administrative unit. Autonomous circuits usually include huge, extremely sparsely populated areas in the North and in Siberia. Most of the indigenous peoples are against the Russians in the minority.
In Russia there are currently four autonomous counties:
Resolved Autonomous circles
More recently, six autonomous counties were resolved:
- The Autonomous District of the Komi Permyaks was incorporated on December 1, 2005 with the Perm Oblast to the Perm region.
- The Autonomous District Taimyr Autonomous District and the Evenki were combined on 1 January 2007 with the Krasnoyarsk region.
- The Autonomous district of the Koryak was united on July 1, 2007 with the Kamchatka Oblast region to Kamchatka.
- The Autonomous district of Ust- Ordynsker Buryat was incorporated on 1 January 2008 in the Irkutsk Oblast.
- The Autonomous District of the Buryat Aginer was incorporated on March 1, 2008 with the Chita Oblast to the new region Transbaikalia.
See also: Administrative divisions of Russia
In the Soviet Union
According to the Constitution of 1977, the Soviet Union was a federation of so-called republics. Within the Union republics, there was Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republics, Autonomous regions and autonomous districts. These four units contributed to the paper state character and possessed a certain degree of autonomy (eg on cultural issues ). The autonomy of these units was in the Union republics and the largest in the autonomous districts of a more theoretical nature.