57.329.4Koordinaten: 57 ° 18 ' N, 29 ° 24' O
The Pskov oblast (Russian Псковская область / Pskowskaja oblast ) is a Oblast in northwestern Russia.
The area is in the far west of the country, bordered to the west and south to Estonia, Latvia and Belarus. On the Estonian border it has a share in Lake Peipsi, the most important river is the Welikaja.
Geologically, the oblast on the territory of the East European Plain, the climate is temperate continental. Around 40 % of the area is forested.
At least since the 10th century Russians settled in this area, and Pskov (Russian: Pskov ) is one of the oldest Russian cities, in the 12th and 13th centuries, the area belonged to Novgorod. Of crusaders and later Poland, the region was attacked again and again. With the expansion of Russia to the West in the early 18th century, the region lost its importance during the Second World War, it was from 1941 to 1944 occupied by the German Wehrmacht. After the independence of the Baltic States, the oblast has the problem to be advised by a busy area in a peripheral location, which is also reflected in declining population.
The economically most important areas are the electrical and textile industries as well as agriculture. The sights, lakes and forests also attract tourists.
Coat of arms
An on-going, straight -sighted golden leopard under a sign foot to display natural colored, blessing hand, from the white clouds in the main shield breaking forth In Blue. The escutcheon is placed the imperial crown, and golden oak leaves tied to the sides with the blue band of the St. Andrew, accompanies the plate.
The coat of arms was adopted in the Regional Assembly of Deputies on 23 February 1995.
Administrative divisions and cities
The Pskov oblast is divided into 24 Rajons and two urban districts. There are 14 cities and 14 settlements there urban-type. The two largest cities of Pskov and Welikije Luki, which also form the two urban districts, followed by population by far small towns like Ostrow and Newel.