Paul Hirsch (politician)

Paul Hirsch ( born November 17 1868 in Prenzlau, Uckermark; † August 1, 1940 in Berlin) was a German politician ( SPD). He was Minister President of the Free State of Prussia from 1918 to 1920.


Hirsch attended from 1879 to 1888 in Berlin high school to the Grey Monastery and studied medicine, social sciences and economics at the Friedrich- Wilhelms-Universität. Since 1892, Hirsch worked as a freelance writer and journalist. He also served as Parliament rapporteur and co-editor of a parliamentary correspondence. In the 1890s he became a member of the SPD. From 1899 to 1920 he was Charlottenburg and Berlin city councilor. In 1908 he was chosen as one of the first social democrats in the Prussian House of Representatives, where he served until November 1918 as leader of the SPD. On November 12, 1918, he was commissioned by the Executive Council of Workers 'and Soldiers' Councils, together with the USPD representatives Heinrich Stroebel the presidency of the Prussian state government ( "Council of People's Representatives "). At the same time Hirsch was until March 1919 the Prussian Minister of the Interior. In this capacity, he dismissed on 4 January 1919 the USPD belonging to Berlin Police President Emil Eichhorn his office, whereupon the USPD members left the government. USPD and Spartacus League called on for the next day for a general strike and formed a revolutionary committee, which called for what became known as the Spartacist uprising.

From 1919 to 1921 Hirsch was a member of the Constituent Prussian State Assembly. Hirsch is considered one of the principal proponents of Greater Berlin Act, which came into force on 1 October 1920. After the collapse of the Kapp Putsch Hirsch resigned on 24 March 1920 by his government posts back. He remained, however, until 1932 a member of the Prussian Landtag, and even to 1921 Parliamentary Secretary in the Prussian Ministry for People's Welfare. From April 1921 to November 1925 Hirsch was a town councilor and deputy mayor in Charlottenburg and then mayor in Dortmund. Due to his Jewish origins, he was forced by the Nazis in 1933 to give up his office.


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