August 1

August 1 is the 213th day of the Gregorian Calendar ( 214th in leap years). There remain 152 days of the year.

  • 2.1 Before the 19th century
  • 2.2 19th century
  • 2.3 20th century 2.3.1 1901-1950
  • 2.3.2 1951-2000
  • 3.1 Before the 19th century
  • 3.2 19th century
  • 3.3 20th century 3.3.1 1901-1950
  • 3.3.2 1951-2000


Politics and World Affairs

  • 0030 BC: In view of the collection of Octavian, the future Roman Emperor Augustus, in Alexandria to his opponent Mark Antony kills himself His mistress Cleopatra VII follows him on August 12, to death.
  • 0527: After the death of his uncle Justin I will Justinian I Byzantine Emperor.
  • 0902: The Emir Abu Ishaaq Ibraaheem aghlabidische II conquers with his army Taormina, the last major stronghold of the Byzantine Empire in Sicily.
  • 1203: Alexius IV is determined by his father Isaac II co-emperor of the Byzantine Empire. He takes over the de facto rule of pressure from staying in Constantinople Opel Crusaders of the Fourth Crusade, as his father through eight years of imprisonment and glare after the coup of his brother Alexios III. is barely capable of governing.


  • 0052: In Rome, the finished pipes for water supply, Aqua Claudia and Anio Novus, was inaugurated.
  • 1778: In Hamburg, the first savings bank in Europe opens. The Patriotic Society of 1765 establishes a " Common Retirement Fund ", which also operates a so-called " Ersparungsklasse ".
  • 1843: The Magdeburg Stock Exchange is founded for the second time.

Science and Technology



  • 0314: The Council of Arles condemned the spread in North Africa Donatism and confirms the disputed election of the Carthaginian bishop Caecilian. Furthermore, the validity of sacraments is discussed.
  • 1099: Arnulf of Chocques during the First Crusade after the conquest of Jerusalem Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem.


Minor accidents are listed in the sub- items of disaster.


Entries of Athletics world records are located under the respective discipline under Athletics.


Before the 19th century

  • 0010 BC: Claudius, Roman emperor
  • 0126: Pertinax, Roman Emperor
  • 1313: Kōgon, Japanese Emperor
  • 1377: Go- Komatsu, 100th Emperor of Japan
  • 1410: John IV, Count of Nassau- Dillenburg
  • 1425: Frederick I, Elector of the Palatinate
  • 1492: Wolfgang ( Anhalt- Köthen ), son of Prince Waldemar VI.
  • 1494: Benedict Castle Auer, Swiss theologian and reformer
  • 1495: Jan van Scorel, Dutch painter
  • 1500: John Rivius, German educator and theologian
  • 1501: Johann Glandorp, German humanist, educator, poet, Protestant theologian and reformer
  • 1501: Veit Winsheim, German rhetorician, scholar, physician and Hellenist
  • 1520: Sigismund II, King of Poland, Grand Duke of Lithuania, the last king of the Jagiellonian
  • 1585: William of Proeck, German member of the Fruit -bearing Society
  • 1589: Alexandrine of Taxis, Countess, and General Post Master of the Spanish Netherlands ( baptism date )
  • 1627: Louise Christine of Savoy - Carignan, mother of Margrave Ludwig Wilhelm von Baden
  • 1628: Johann Adam Schertzer, German Protestant theologian
  • 1656: Xavier Jakub Ticin, Sorbian Jesuit linguist
  • 1669: Johann Zacharias Grundig, German singer and cantor in Dresden
  • 1672: Sebastian Edzardus, German philosopher, theologian and Lutheran missionary dispute
  • 1678: Johann Friedrich Henckel, German physician, mineralogist, metallurgist and chemist
  • 1685: Pier Giuseppe Sandoni, Italian composer
  • 1713: Charles I, Duke of Brunswick- Lüneburg
  • 1714: Richard Wilson, British Painter
  • 1723: Johann Friedrich Gruner, German Protestant theologian, historian, rhetorician and educator
  • 1729: Ernst Anton Saint, German politician, Mayor of Hanover
  • 1744: Jean -Baptiste de Lamarck, a French biologist
  • 1748: Lawrence of Westenrieder, German historian and writer
  • 1756: Pierre Louis Prieur, French politician
  • 1760: Wilhelm Anton von Klewiz, Prussian politician and civil servant
  • 1766: Philipp von der Leyen, German nobleman, the first Prince von der Leyen
  • 1766: Hanzo Njepila, Sorbian folk writer
  • 1768: Karl Ludwig von Haller, Swiss constitutional law
  • 1770: William Clark, American soldier and explorer, member of the Lewis and Clark Expedition
  • 1773: Ignaz Anton Demeter, German clergyman, 1839-1842 Archbishop of Freiburg
  • 1773: Johann August Heinrich Tittmann, German theologian and philosopher
  • 1774: Ferdinand Beneke, German lawyer and politician
  • 1776: Francesca Scanagatta, Austrian officer
  • 1779: Francis Scott Key, American poet
  • 1779: Lorenz Oken, German naturalist
  • 1782: Eugene de Mazenod, a French Catholic saint
  • 1783: Wilhelm Malte I., Duke of Pomerania, Swedish Pomerania Governor in
  • 1786: Pius August in Bavaria, Duke of Bavaria
  • 1791: George Ticknor, American literary historian and linguist
  • 1792: Friedrich Hermann de Leuw, German physician
  • 1797: Franz hardener, Alsatian pastor
  • 1799: Sophie de Ségur, French writer of Russian origin
  • 1800: Ernst Ortlepp, German poet of the pre-March

19th century

20th century




Before the 19th century

  • 0030 BC: Mark Antony, Roman statesman and commander
  • 0527: Justin I, Eastern Roman Emperor
  • 0924: Æthelweard, King of England
  • 1098: Adhemar de Monteil, Bishop of Le Puy -en -Velay, the main person of the First Crusade
  • 1137: . Ludwig VI, called the thickness, King of France 1108-1137
  • 1190: . Florens III, Count of Holland
  • 1252: John de Plano Carpini, an Italian Franciscan, traveled to Mongolia
  • 1348: Blanca Margaret of Valois, first wife of the Czech king Charles I
  • 1381: Jacob Pleskow, Mayor of the Hanseatic City of Lübeck
  • 1402: Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York, Duke of York

19th century

20th century



21st Century

Holidays and observances

  • Religious observances Gustav Werner, German theologian and benefactor ( Protestant)
  • St. Alfonso Maria de Liguori, Italian jurist and Bishop, Founder and doctor of the Church ( Catholic)
  • Name Days Abel, Alfons
  • State Holidays and observances Switzerland: Swiss Federal holiday ( since 1889)
  • Benin: independence from France (1960 )

More entries contains the list of commemorative and action days.

  • Day
  • Day in August