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Year of the Earth Snake己巳( at the beginning of the year Earth Dragon龙 辰)
Syria: 2180/81 ( the year in October )
- 2.1 January
- 2.2 in February
- 2.3 March
- 2.4 April
- 2.5 May
- 2.6 in June
- 2.7 in July
- 2.8 August
- 2.9 September
- 2:10 October
- 2:11 November
- 2:12 December
- 2:13 Accurate birth unknown
- 3.1 First half of
- 3.2 Second half of
- 3.3 More death unknown
Politics and World Affairs
- January 30: After a speech of Otto von Bismarck in the Prussian House of Representatives, in which he used the words malicious reptiles, reptiles Fund is the term coined afterwards.
- June 16: After the overthrow of Queen Isabella II in the year before the entry into force of a new Spanish Constitution shall be elected for a transitional period, Francisco Serrano Domínguez regent. After one of the parties generally accepted the new king is searched.
- 21 June: In Vienna, the Supreme Court takes up his duties, the Constitutional Court in Austria - Hungary.
- August 7: In Eisenach is opened on the initiative of August Bebel and Wilhelm Liebknecht, the founding congress of the Socialist Workers Party ( SDAP ), from which the German SPD shows. Bebel is elected chairman.
- Introduction of women's suffrage in the U.S. state of Wyoming
- May 4: The multi-day Battle of Hakodate between ships of the Japanese emperor and ships the cleaved Republic of Ezo begins.
- June 27: In Japan, listens after half a year of existence, the breakaway republic Ezo to exist.
- Tokyo (formerly Edo ) is Japanese capital.
- February 5: In Moliagul in the Central Goldfields Shire of the Australian state of Victoria are two miners the biggest gold nugget in the world, whom they call Welcome Stranger.
- February 18: The first railway line in Greece is opened. It runs from Athens to Piraeus.
- MARCH 23: Carl Graebe and Carl Liebermann Report a patent for the manufacture of alizarin. The development of the industrial synthesis of the product used as a colorant in turn leads to a halt in the cultivation of madder dyer.
- May 10: The first transcontinental railroad line in the U.S. is taken from the Central Pacific Railroad in operation. The "Golden Nail " is hit in Utah in the rail, where now stands the memorial Golden Spike National Historic Site.
- OCTOBER 1: The first post- officially - official postcards appear in Austria - Hungary.
- November 6: The finished Blackfriars Bridge is officially opened in London by Queen Victoria.
- The company Goldman Sachs Group Inc., or in short " Goldman Sachs ( GS) " is founded in Manhattan ( Investment Bank)
- Establishment of the Oceanic Steam Navigation Company ( White Star Line ) by Thomas Henry Ismay
- The margarine was invented by Hippolyte Mège - Mouriès.
Science and Technology
- Establishment of the University of Nebraska
- The agricultural economist Friedrich Nobbe founded in Tharandt "The Physiological testing and seed control station to Tharandt " as the world's first institution for seed testing.
- Friedrich Miescher isolated nucleic acid from cell nuclei of pus cells, calling it " nuclein ".
- David E. Folsom Folsom leads the expedition in the area of today's Yellowstone National Park.