April 8

April 8 is the 98th day of the Gregorian Calendar ( 99th in leap years), thus 267 days remain until the end of the year.

  • 2.1 Before the 19th century
  • 2.2 19th century
  • 2.3 20th century 2.3.1 1901-1950
  • 2.3.2 1951-2000
  • 3.1 Before the 19th century
  • 3.2 19th century
  • 3.3 20th century
  • 3.4 21st century


Politics and World Affairs

  • 0217: The Roman Emperor Caracalla is assassinated by his bodyguard Julius Martialis on a campaign against the Parthians. For indeed it has Macrinus, the prefect of the Praetorian Guard, instigated.
  • 0814: The Benedictine Ellwangen is first mentioned in a document of Emperor Louis the Pious.
  • 1271: Against assurance of safe conduct pass the Hospitallers in the Seventh Crusade, the main castle of Krak des Chevaliers to Sultan Baybars I, who besieged the fortress since February. Thus, a symbol of the Crusades falls into the hands of the Mamluks, which means a serious setback for weakened the Crusader states.
  • 1415: Under the direction of the Byzantine emperor Manuel II start with thousands of workers to repair the ancient Hexamilion. The building at the Isthmus of Corinth to protect the Peloponnese against attacks from the north.


Science and Technology




  • 2005: Pope John Paul II will be buried in Rome in the Basilica of San Pietro. At the funeral mass, around 3.5 million people come to Rome.


Minor accidents are listed in the sub- items of disaster.


Entries of Athletics world records are located under the respective discipline under Athletics.


Before the 19th century

19th century

20th century




Before the 19th century

  • 0217: Caracalla, Roman emperor
  • 0622: Shotoku Taishi, Japanese culture hero
  • 1143: John II Comnenus, Byzantine Emperor
  • 1196: Knut Eriksson, King of Sweden
  • 1200: Adalbert III. of Bohemia, Archbishop of Salzburg
  • 1364: John II, king of France
  • 1461: Georg von Peuerbach, Austrian astronomer
  • 1492: Lorenzo de Medici, Italian politician and lord of the city of Florence
  • 1499: Otto II of Neumarkt- Mosbach, Count Palatine and astronomer
  • 1501: Hermann von Wickede II, Mayor of Lübeck
  • 1586: Martin Chemnitz, Lutheran theologian
  • 1598: Ludwig Helmbold, Lutheran hymns poet
  • 1636: Martin Trost, German Orientalist
  • 1666: Hans Georg von Schleinitz, German civil servant and occasional poet
  • 1704: Job Ludolf, German founder of the Ethiopian
  • 1725: John Wise, American writer and minister
  • 1735: Francis II Rákóczi, a Hungarian fighter against the Habsburgs

19th century

20th century

21st Century

  • 2002: Franz Liebl, German author
  • 2003: Nathan Apea Aferi, Ghanaian politicians
  • 2004: Herb Andress, a German actor
  • 2004: Hans Guido Mutke, German fighter pilot
  • 2005: Yoshitaro Nomura, Japanese film director
  • 2006: Gerard Reve, Dutch writer
  • 2008: John Button, Australian lawyer and politician
  • 2008: Cedella Marley Booker, Jamaican musician
  • 2008: Stanley Kamel, American actor
  • 2010: Malcolm McLaren, British artists, fashion designers and music manager
  • 2010: Abel Muzorewa, zimbabwean - Rhodesian Prime Minister
  • 2011: Eva Afuhs, Austrian artist
  • 2012: George Wilberforce Kakoma, Ugandan musician and composer
  • 2012: Jack Tramiel, Polish- American entrepreneur and computer pioneer
  • 2013: Annette Funicello, American pop music singer and actress
  • 2013: Sara Montiel, Spanish singer and actress
  • 2013: Margaret Thatcher, British politician, 1979-1990 Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

Holidays and observances

  • Religious observances Martin Chemnitz, German theologian ( Protestant)
  • Name Days Beate, Walter
  • Customs Japan: Kambutsue

More entries contains the list of commemorative and action days.

  • Day
  • Day in April