Dimitrios Levidis

Dimitrios Levidis (Greek Δημήτριος Λεβίδης - Dimítrios Levídis; born April 8, 1886 in Paleo Faliro, † May 30 1951 in Athens ) was a Greek composer.

Levidis first visited the Lottner Conservatory and the Conservatory ( Odeion ) in Athens, where Dionysius Lavrangas and Franck Choisy were among his teachers, then studied in Lausanne on Alexandre Denereaz and finally in Munich Richard Strauss, Felix Mottl and Friedrich Klose. Around the same time with Emilio Riadis he left Munich in 1910 and settled in Paris, where he remained until 1932. Then he returned to Athens, became a teacher at the Greek Conservatory and founded in 1934 Faliron The Conservatory, which was to become the Athens Conservatory later. From 1945 to 1947 he took over the presidency of the Greek Composers' Union until its predecessor Manolis Kalomiris replaced him again in this function. Then Levidis tried to build on his success Paris before the war and lived there again in 1947-48.

Levidis ' style moves between the late Romantic and musical impressionism. Atonality and the tendencies of the French Neo-Classicism as the Groupe des Six, he refused. But he dealt with the ancient Greek modes, the "exotic" musical language found its way into his work.

As his main medium is considered the orchestra, for which he also composed in smaller, unusual combinations. So he has created works for a Eoliki Orchistra ( Αἰolikὴ Ὀρχήστρα, " Aeolian Orchestra "), a Dezett, which consisted of muted strings, celesta, two harps, piano, various gongs and drums. He also was among the first composers who dedicated themselves to the Ondes Martenot, invented by Maurice Martenot in 1928 an electronic instrument. So he composed a symphonic poem for ondes Martenot and orchestra, a De Profundis for two ondes Martenot, tenor and orchestra. Another instrument for the Levidis written works, was the polychordo ( πολύχορδο ), developed by the Greek piano tuner Evangelos Th Tsamourtzis chromatic harp with 177 strings.

From the works Levidis ' is the biggest part been lost, these include the operetta Amour et garde française in 1911, a symphony mystique for voices and orchestra with dancers (from 1928), three orchestral suites and an " archaic oratorio" The Iliad for speaker, Tenor and Orchestra ( 1943).

Get yourself have several ballets, including O Voskos ke i Neraida ( Ο βοσκός και η νεράιδα, " The Shepherd and the Elves ", Op 39, 1923), To fylachto ton theon ( Το φυλαχτό των θεών, " The Talisman of the Gods " op. 41, 1925). The vocal works preserved evidence of a rich vocal works, both for solo voices and for mixed choir, with piano, chamber music ( the above-mentioned " Aeolian Dezett " ) and orchestral accompaniment. In the field of chamber music, a piano sonata from his time in Munich, a few pieces for solo instruments and piano from the 1920s as well as several works for the Polychordo from his time Athens has survived.