Paleo Faliro (Greek Παλαιό Φάληρο, Katharevousa Paleon Faliron, Παλαιόν Φάληρον (n. sg. ) ) Is a Greek city and municipality ( Dimos Paleou Falirou, Δήμος Παλαιού Φαλήρου ) in the Regional District of Athens -south region of Attica. The existing only from the city of Paleo Faliro Municipality is part of the metropolitan area of Athens - Piraeus and is one of the southern or south-western suburbs of the Greek capital.
In ancient times the area of Paleo Faliro, the port of Athens. In contrast to the present name, the name Phalerum Paleo Faliro ( Greek: Φάληρο, ancient Greek Φάληρον ) was used. The area of the ancient Phalerum closes in the presence of Neo Faliro ( Νέο Φάληρο ), a district of Piraeus, and the communities of Muscat and Kallithea with a.
- 4.1 traffic
The territory of Paleo Faliro is situated on the northern coast of the Saronic Gulf, at the same time the southern coast of the Attica peninsula and the plain of Attica ( Attiki Lekanopedio ). Amidst this level, about 6 km from the coast in a north easterly direction, is the center of the Greek capital Athens. The Bay of Faliro (older name " Bay of Phalerum " ), which extends from the eastern part of the peninsula of Piraeus ( Neo Faliro ) extends arcuately ESE, confined in its eastern part and in the promontory which closes the bay to the east, to the city Paleo Faliro. Between Paleo Faliro Piraeus and the communities Muscat and Kallithea share the shoreline of the bay in its central and western part. The south projecting into the Saronic Gulf headland and the areas east, northeast and north of this are taken from the territory of the municipality Paleo Faliro.
In the north of Paleo Faliro borders the municipality Kallithea. This boundary is marked (leading to Athens ) through the course of the main traffic Syngrou Avenue. In the north and north-east of Paleo Faliro borders the municipality of Nea Smyrni, on the east by the municipality of Agios Dimitrios and on the southeast by the municipality of Alimos. The southern, southwestern, western and north-western boundary of the municipality is the Saronic Gulf to the eastern part of the Bay of Faliro. The whole city area of Paleo Faliro is flat and slopes gently to the Bay of Faliro and the Saronic Gulf to go on.
Until the development of the port of Piraeus by Themistocles in the 5th century BC, the Phalerum the only port of Athens was. To protect the port Phalerum was connected by a wall with the further inland, the city of Athens. All mythical exits the Athens - Troy, Crete - went out from the port Phalerum. Pausanias mentions the port Phalerum in his description of Greece: where the sea lies the least far from the city; Menestheus had gone from there with his ships to Troy, Theseus to Crete Minos.
After the expansion of the port of Piraeus, the port of Phalerum lost its importance since, according to Pausanias, Themistocles the port of Piraeus with three docks as for shipping appropriately considered as the port of Phalerum with a dock .. From the place came the Athenian philosopher and statesman Demetrios of Phalerum.
The development of transport infrastructure changed from the end of the 19th century the original agrarian coastal town and its surroundings. The inhabitants lived from agriculture, livestock and to a lesser extent from fishing. In addition to the cultivation of grain was also Viticulture and operated on a small scale fishing. A horse-drawn tram took in 1883 to operate between the coastal and Athens. It was electrified in the first decade of the 20th century. [A 1] In 1900, the first zoo in Greece was opened. Due to economic problems during the First World War, operations had to be discontinued in 1916.
After about 1915, some wealthy families built there by the sea villas. Because of the rapid development of the city in 1925 for rural community ( Κοινότητα Παλαιού Φαλήρου Kinotita Paleou Falirou ). With the opening of the flying boat line from Brindisi via Athens to Istanbul on August 1, 1926 Aero Espresso Italiana and later to the then Italian Dodekanesinsel Rhodes Paleo Faliro was the location. In 1942, Paleo Faliro received the status of a municipality ( Δήμος Παλαιού Φαλήρου Dimos Paleou Falirou ). During World War II operated from 1941 to 1944 German aviator distress of Phalerum from.
After the Second World War, increasingly pointed down wealthy families, many country houses were built. As a result of the pogrom in Istanbul in 1955, many Greek immigrants from Istanbul settled in Paleo Faliro. The influx of other Greeks from Istanbul, especially after 1974 led to changes in housing policy. Many houses were demolished in their place came multi-storey residential buildings. The current proportion of Greeks coming from Istanbul by about 25 % has also influenced the economic, sporting and cultural life.
Alexandros Grigoropoulos was buried at the local cemetery.
Administration and policy
The city of Paleo Faliro is the only municipality part of the Municipality of Paleo Faliro. The community structure remained untouched by the Greek local government reform in 1997, and by the administrative reform of 2010. The parent of the municipality is the region ( periferia ) Attica.
Economy, Infrastructure and Transportation
In ancient times the area of Paleo Faliro and Neo Faliro possessed as Phalerum before removing the port of Piraeus as the city-state of Athens enormous importance for the transport: it was the only port of Athens, whose military strength was based on a strong fleet. After the expansion of the port of Piraeus, the importance of shipping for Paleo Faliro fell sharply. In the presence of Paleo Faliro is a great port ( Marina) for yachts. A value for the ferry or transport vessels has not Paleo Faliro.
Road traffic accounts as in the rest of Greece, the main burden of the individual as well as public and commercial traffic. Paleo Faliro is one of the most important points of intersection of major roads in the greater Athens - Piraeus. In the city center of Paleo Faliro from the east ( Lavrio, Vouliagmeni, Varkiza, Glyfada, Elliniko ) coming national road take 91 ( Leoforos Posidonos ) and the right leading into the city center of Athens Rush Syngrou Avenue ( Leoforos Andreas Syngrou ) to each other. The crossing itself and the afferent National Road 91 ( Leoforos Posidonos ) and the Syngrou Avenue are expanded highway-like. The resulting from the southeast peninsula of Attica Piraeus and in the southern city of Athens road mainly uses this corridor.
After the confluence of the Syngrou Avenue in the National Road 91 ( Leoforos Posidonos ) the National Road 91 along the coast of Paleo Faliro continues west towards Dafni and Piraeus and meets in the course on the National Road 1 ( Leoforos Kifissou ) as a continuation of Highway 1 ( Athens - Lamia -Larisa -Thessaloniki - Evzoni; European Route 75 ) and the National Highway 8 at Dafni. From there, the highway 8 leads to Corinth and Patras on the Peloponnese. Thus cross and unite partially in the city of Paleo Faliro the traffic from the Peloponnese and Western Attica East Attica and by the southern and southeastern districts and suburbs of Athens on the one hand and the traffic of Paleo Faliro Athens other. Along the Syngrou Avenue are the most populous cities and towns of the agglomeration of Athens, Nea Smyrni, Kallithea and Paleo Faliro itself
Regional district downtown Athens: Athens | Dafni Ymittos | Filadelfia Chalkidona | Galatsi | Ilioupoli | Kesariani | Vyronas | Zografos Regional District of North Athens Agia Paraskevi | Amarousio | Chalandri | Cholargos - Papagos | Heraklion | Kifissia | Metamorfosi | Nea Ionia | Pefki Lykovrysi | Penteli | Filothei - Psychiko | Vrilissia Regional District of Athens -South: Agios Dimitrios | Alimos | Elliniko - Argyroupoli | Glyfada | Kallithea | Muscat - Tavros | Nea Smyrni | Paleo Faliro Regional District of Athens -West: Agia Varvara | Agii Anargzri - Kamatero | Chaidari | Egaleo | Ilio | Peristeri | Petroupoli Regional District Piraeus: Keratsini - Drapetsona | Korydallos | Nikea - Agios Ioannis Rendis | Perama | Piraeus Regional district Islands: Aegina | Agistri | Hydra | Kythira | Poros | Salamis | Spetses | Trizinia Regional District of West Attica: Aspropyrgos | Elefsina | Fyli | Mandra - Idyllia | Megara Regional District of East Attica: Aharnes | Dionysos | Koropi | Lavrio | Marathon | Markopoulon Mesogeas | Pallini | Peania | Rafina - Pikermi | Oropus | Vari - Voula - Vouliagmeni | Saroniko | Spata - Artemi