Oropus (Greek Ωρωπός ( m. sg ), officially known. Dimos Oropion Δήμος Ωρωπίων ) is a Greek community in northwestern peninsula of Attica, about 50 kilometers from the capital Athens in the Regional District of East Attica.
In the administrative reform of 2010, the municipality was formed by combining the previously independent municipalities and rural communities Oropus, Afidnes, Avlona, Kalamos, Kapandriti, Malakasa, Markopoulo Oropou, Artemi, Nea Palatia, Artemi, Polydendri, scale Oropou and Sykamino.
Oropus was the suburb of the disputed between Athens and Boeotia landscape Oropia. The place name and the name of the adjacent river Asopus suggest a pre-Greek colonization. In ancient times, especially the port of the city of importance, because here was the shortest crossing to Euboea and the island was strategically important because of their cattle and grain wealth. The Aristotle -student Dikaiarchos know about the inhabitants of the ancient city to report that they were particularly cunning and greedy. Until 402 BC, the city consisted of the port city - the heuitigen district scale Oropou - then a part of the town was moved to the vicinity of the present village Oropus inland.
In the coastal village DILION there are scant remains of a Delian Apollo sanctuary. 425 BC took place here a battle between the Athenians and Thebans, who won the Thebans. In Inofyta (twelve kilometers northwest of Oropus ) was 456 BC another battle between the two counterparties in place, in which the Athenians were able to celebrate a great victory. In the year 155 BC had in the context of a conflict between Athens and Oropus an Athenian philosopher Carneades of Cyrene embassy among others travel to an arbitration award to Rome.
Overall, the ancient remains of Oropus are quite sparse. The main sanctuary and the oracle of Amphiaraus were six kilometers south-east in a narrow wooded valley. Since 1884, carried out excavations laid a Doric temple and a hall free from the 4th century BC. Furthermore, a theater, a stadium, guests and administrative buildings, the Acropolis and various inscriptions were uncovered. In the neighboring Nea Palátia also find a few remains of the ancient demos Oropus.
In Oropus a concentration camp was established during the Greek military dictatorship in 1967. The most famous prisoner was Mikis Theodorakis.
- It is get a small church from the 17th century.
- Private car museum " O Phaeton "
- Archaeological Museum