Attica ( Attiki Greek Αττική ) is the most populous region ( periferia ) of Greece, which formed in 2010 at the same time a Greek prefecture ( nomos ). It is located in the eponymous classical landscape.
In ancient Attica was the belonging to the polis of Athens Country, with a sanctuary of Athena on the Acropolis and Temple of Poseidon at Cape Sounion in the southeast of the landscape. Today Athens is the capital and administrative center of the region.
Attica is bordered to the west by the region of Peloponnese, in the north of Central Greece. The southernmost island of the region, Andikythira, located about 30 km north- west of Crete. Places of interest include the port of Piraeus, near Athens, and the place Marathon in the Northeast. On the east coast the city lay Thorikos in which, according to Greek mythology, the goddess Demeter is gone ashore.
1833 the newly founded Kingdom of Greece first in 10 prefectures ( nominal ) was divided. Attica was formed at that time along with Boeotia prefecture. From 1899 to 1909 and then from 1943 permanently, the two areas were divided into two prefectures. 1964 Piraeus was spun off as an independent Prefecture, however, came in 1972 (along with the newly acquired territories Trizinias and Argolian islands of Poros, Hydra and Spetses and the Ionian Islands and Kythira Andikythira ) back to the Prefecture of Attica. At the same time Prefecture in the four districts of Athens, Piraeus, West and East Attica was divided, received by and by the same powers as the other Greek prefectures. 1986 Attica received at the same time the status of an administrative region ( gr diikitiki periferia ). With the local government reform in 1997, the number of municipalities of Attica was reduced by merger to 124. with the administrative reform of 2010, the prefectures and prefecture districts were abolished and their powers to the now self-governing region ( periferia ) and transferred again to a reduced number of 66 municipalities. Since then, Attica divided into eight regional districts ( Ez gr Periferiaki enotita ), but for the Regional Council have apart from the seat allocation no political significance.
The Attica region is divided into eight regional districts. Proportional to their population, they send a certain number of MEPs in the 101 -member Regional Council.
In 2006, was the regional gross domestic product per capita, expressed in purchasing power standards, at 129.1 % of the average of the EU27.
In Greece, between roads (including trunk roads ) and four-lane highways ( Ethniki Odos ) without separated roadways on the one hand and Highways ( Avtokinitodromos ) on the other hand, did not differ in the numbering.
- Highway 1 S, Zen., N ( Athens - Lamia -Larisa -Thessaloniki )
- Highway 6 (Attiki Odos )
- Highway 8 ( PATHE, Athens - Corinth -Patras )
- Highway 64 ( Immitos ring )
- Highway 65 ( Egaleo ring )
- Highway 642 ( Querspange Attiki Odos ring - Immitos )
- National Road 3, NW
- National Highway 8, Zen., W ( by Highway 8 partially replaced )
- National Highway 8, Zen., W ( partially replaced by Highway 8 )
- National Road 54, Zen., E
- National Road 65, W ( partially replaced by Highway 65 )
- National Road 79 NE
- National Road 81, N
- National Road 83, Cen., NE
- National Road 85, S- Cen., E Zen., O
- National Road 89, Cen., S
- National Road 91, S, E - Zen.
- ISAP metro line 1
- Attiko Metro, subway line 2 and 3
- 902 TV
- High TV
- Magic Peiraia ( Piraeus)
- Cape Sounion