Chalandri (Greek Χαλάνδρι (n. sg. ) Outdated, even Chalandrion Χαλάνδριον ) is a Greek city in the eastern part of the Attica region and a suburb of Athens.
Chalandri is about 12 km north of the city center of Athens. It is part of the Regional District of Greater Athens -north Athens. To the north it borders on Marousi, to the south by Filothei - Psychiko. The buildings in the suburbs goes into each other, even if here the green space per inhabitant is the largest in Athens.
Occupied the site of today's Chalandri in antiquity Phlya (Greek Φλύα, Flya ), one of the largest of the ten Athenian demoi. Phlya was the home of Euripides. In addition to other fertility cults, it served the mysteries of the goddess Gaia. Through the territory of today Chalandria was the lithagogia (Greek λιθαγωγία, literally stone guide ), a transport on which the marble blocks were taken from the quarries at Penteli in the center of Athens. A section was excavated recently at Pendelis Boulevard.
From Roman times, the remains of an aqueduct and a grave chamber with barrel vaults dating from the 2nd century AD have received, later almost unchanged in the chapel of Panagia Marmariotissa (Greek Παναγία Μαρμαριότισσα ) was converted.
In the Greek War of Independence in 1821 occurred in Chalandri to a fight the insurgents with the approaching Athens from the Turks.
In the first decades of the 20th century a popular rural tourist destination, Chalandri recorded a dynamic growth primarily through the resettlement of refugees after the Asia Minor catastrophe in 1923 and due to the economic development of the last decades. In particular, the strong construction activity associated with expansion of Athens in the 1960s and 1970s, the then rural community has grown together with the capital and other suburbs to the metropolitan region.
- Agia Barbara
- Ano Chalandri
- Neo Chalandri
- Kato Chalandri
- Toufa (or Frangoklisia )
Transport, economy and culture
Chalandri is by the metro line 3 (" blue line " ) with the stations " Chalandri " and the transportation hub " Doukissis Plakendias " to public transport and by the intersecting here Highways 6 (Attiki Odos ) and 64 ( Ymittos ring ) to the connected road network.
Chalandri is a business center in the north of Athens. Here many small business enterprises and associations have established. Their activities focus particularly along the north-south axis of the Kifisias Boulevard. Many foreign embassies, the Greek National Mint, Vodafone Hellas, IBM Hellas, and the international headquarters of the state social insurance IKA have their headquarters in Chalandri
Chalandri also home to numerous public and private schools, lyceums, gymnasiums, churches and associations ( sports club Chalandri AC).