July 25

July 25 is the 206th day of the Gregorian Calendar ( 207th in leap years), thus 159 days remain until the end of the year.

  • 2.1 Before the 19th century
  • 2.2 19th century
  • 2.3 20th century 2.3.1 1901-1950
  • 2.3.2 1951-2000
  • 3.1 Before the 19th century
  • 3.2 19th century
  • 3.3 20th century
  • 3.4 21st century


Politics and World Affairs

  • 0306: Constantine the Great was proclaimed Augustus by his troops in the Roman Empire.
  • 1110: Matilda, the 8- year-old daughter of the King of England and fiancé Henry V is crowned in Mainz Roman-German queen.
  • 1139: Alfonso appointed after a victory over the Moors at the Battle of Ourique, for the first king of Portugal and separates so of Castile.
  • 1261: With the reconquest of Constantinople, which has been taken in the Fourth Crusade in 1204 by European crusaders, the Latin Empire is eliminated and its last emperor Baldwin II sold. The Byzantine Empire is, however, prepared by Michael VIII again.


Science and Technology


  • 0315: In Rome the Arch of Constantine is officially opened.
  • 1798: premiere of the opera L' Hôtellerie portugaise by Luigi Cherubini at the Théâtre Feydeau in Paris.
  • 1826: World premiere of the comic opera Roland's squire of Heinrich Dorn in Berlin.
  • 1886: Premiere of Tristan und Isolde at the Bayreuth Festival
  • 1897: Jack London breaks up with his brother to participate after the Klondike Gold Rush River at the gold fever. As a prospector, he has no luck, but his experience reports will be successful later.
  • 1949: Thomas Mann was awarded the Goethe Prize of the city of Frankfurt.
  • 1957: The Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation is created as a direct federal public corporation.
  • 1976: premiere of the opera Einstein On The Beach by Philip Glass at the Avignon Festival.
  • Since 1991, fixed opening date of the Bayreuth Festival


  • 0325: The first Council of Nicaea ends with the almost unanimous signature on the confession of Nicaea. Arianism is condemned as heretical, yet the world remains divided by the Arian church dispute.
  • 1205: Bruno IV of Sayn As a successor to the stated due to the Hohenstaufen - Guelph throne dispute deposed Adolf of Altena is elevated to archbishop of Cologne.


Minor accidents are listed in the sub- items of disaster.


Entries of Athletics world records are located under the respective discipline under Athletics. Entries to the World Cup games are found in the bottoms of football 's World Cup. The same is true for the European Football Championships.


Before the 19th century

  • 0975: Thietmar of Merseburg, Bishop of Merseburg, chronicler of the Ottos
  • 1336: Albrecht I, Duke of Bavaria
  • 1373: Joanna II, Queen of Naples and Titularkönigin of Jerusalem
  • 1473: Maddalena de ' Medici, daughter of Lorenzo the Magnificent
  • 1490: Amalie of the Palatinate, Duchess of Pomerania
  • 1604: Dorothea Diana von Salm, German aristocrat
  • 1654: Agostino Steffani, Italian composer and Bishop
  • 1657: Philipp Heinrich Erlebach, German Baroque composer
  • 1675: James Thornhill, British Painter
  • 1684: Balthasar of Ahlefeldt, Lord of the nobles goods Lindau and Neudorf and lieutenant general and commander of Gluckstadt
  • 1734: Ueda Akinari, Japanese writer
  • 1740: Ignatius Cornova, Italian priest, historian, teacher and poet
  • 1744: Heinrich August honor God Typke, German Protestant theologian
  • 1746: Maria Francisca Benedita of Portugal, Infanta of Portugal and Brazil, and Princess of Beira
  • 1750: Henry Knox, American General
  • 1756: Elizabeth Hamilton, British poet, writer and satirist
  • 1761: Charlotte von Kalb, German writer
  • 1761: Karl Friedrich Staudlin, German Protestant theologian
  • 1775: Anna Harrison, First Lady of the United States
  • 1780: Christian Theodor Weinlig, German music teacher and composer
  • 1783 Caesar Max Heigel, German actor and writer
  • 1794: Nikolai Nikolayevich Murawjow, Russian general
  • 1794: Amalie Sieveking, co-founder of organized diakonia in Germany
  • 1797: Augusta of Hesse, Duchess of Cambridge, Vice- Queen of Hanover
  • 1798: Albert Knapp, German poet
  • 1800: Heinrich Goeppert, German botanist, paleontologist and professor

Elizabeth Hamilton ( * 1756 )

Amalie Sieveking (* 1794)

19th century

Anne Tracy Morgan ( * 1873)

Elisabeth Gabriele in Bavaria ( * 1876)

20th century




Before the 19th century

19th century

20th century

21st Century

  • 2001: Josef Klaus, Chancellor of Austria
  • 2001: Lorenz Niegel, German politician and Member of Parliament
  • 2001: Phoolan Devi, Indian band queen and politician
  • 2002: Johannes Joachim Degenhardt, Cardinal and Archbishop of Paderborn
  • 2002: Rudiger Dornbusch, German - American economist
  • 2002: Tilemann Grimm, German sinologist
  • 2003: John Schlesinger, British director
  • 2003: Ludwig Bölkow, German engineer and entrepreneur
  • 2005: Albert Mangelsdorff, German jazz musician
  • 2005: Ford Rainey, American actor
  • 2005: Henry F. Sherwood, German -American IT pioneer
  • 2006: Karin Hübner, German actress
  • 2007: Bjørn Egge, Norwegian Major General and resistance fighter
  • 2007: Bernd Jakubowski, German football goalkeeper
  • 2008: Lotte Betke, German theater actress and author
  • 2008: Hiram Bullock, American jazz guitarist
  • 2008: Johnny Griffin, American jazz saxophonist
  • 2008: Randolf Frederick Pausch, American computer scientist
  • 2011: Michael Cacoyannis, Greek film director
  • 2013: León Ferrari, Argentine artist
  • 2013: Bernadette Lafont, French actress

Holidays and observances

  • Religious observances St. James the Elder, Apostle, martyr and patron saint (Protestant, Catholic)
  • Thomas a Kempis, Prior of St. Agnetenberg and priests ( protestant, catholic: beatification process is not yet complete )
  • St. Christopher, patron saint (Catholic (outside Europe) )
  • Name Days Jacqueline, Jacob
  • State Holidays and observances Tunisia, declaration of the Republic ( 1957)

More entries contains the list of commemorative and Action days.

  • Day
  • Day in July